Mobility, city and climate

© GIZ/Vedant Goyal

Traffic jams, noise and exhaust fumes - traffic impairs the quality of life in cities. GIZ supports partners who want to make mobility sustainable.

 

Worldwide, the quality of life in urban agglomerations suffers from the masses of traffic. Health-damaging exhaust fumes, noise, accidents and the use of space all cause problems for city dwellers. The more urbanization and motorization progress, the greater the problems. More and more roads and ever faster cars are not the way of the future.

 

Developing and emerging countries are also suffering from the negative consequences of traffic. There, the share of traffic in harmful greenhouse gas emissions is rising rapidly. Worldwide, the transport of people and goods causes 27 percent of CO2 emissions. Experts assume that even more greenhouse gases will be produced by transport in the future, and that a large proportion of these will be produced in countries that are not members of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). In cities in particular, emissions of harmful air pollutants from motor vehicles are also on the rise. At the same time, there is great potential in developing and emerging countries to promote climate-friendly and environmentally friendly transport solutions.

 

Policy and financial advice

 

On behalf of the Federal Government and other clients, GIZ supports its partners in the development of sustainable mobility. In doing so, it relies on the Paris Climate Convention and the "New Urban Agenda", the global roadmap for sustainable urban development.

 

The advisory services focus above all on concrete measures to make mobility more climate-friendly and environmentally friendly, and on integrated urban and mobility planning. Another aspect is access to finance for such projects, for example from the International Climate Fund. An important side effect here is that measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector not only improve the climate balance, but also often make a significant contribution to sustainable development in general. If transport and mobility are well planned, this will have a positive impact on economic growth, social integration, health and quality of life.

 

Transport avoidance, relocation and improvement

 

The work of the GIZ is based on the Avoid-Shift-Improve approach. It pursues the goal of resource-conserving and efficient mobility. In concrete terms, this means keeping the volume of traffic as low as possible, for example by avoiding long distances through compact settlement development. In addition, as many routes as possible will be shifted to environmentally friendly means of transport. Public transport and non-motorised means of transport are to be promoted in particular. Intelligent traffic management, economical vehicles and alternative drive systems should improve traffic overall.

 

In order to implement this approach, GIZ advises those responsible in the partner countries, such as national and local authorities, transport companies and the private sector. Adapted to the respective regions, tailor-made solutions are developed, drawing on experience from other projects. In all mobility projects, the „National Climate Protection Goals” and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) guide the GIZ.