Climate protection

© GIZ/Andreas Nieters

Climate protection means reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

We advise policy-makers in our partner countries on the formulation and implementation of their National Determined Contributions (NDCs), on the development of low carbon strategies (Long Term Strategies) and on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs).

One of the central challenges of the Paris Agreement is the implementation of NDCs in relevant sectors (mainstreaming). This requires closer interdisciplinary cooperation in climate-relevant sectors. In addition to energy and transport, other polluter sectors such as industry, waste, cities, agriculture and forestry play an important role in climate protection. Successful NDC implementation will be significantly influenced by technical cooperation and capacity development. This includes sharpening the technical and advisory profile, strengthening innovative strength and involving cooperation partners to increase visibility and supply capacity. GIZ has extensive and successful technical and methodological expertise and is present in 120 countries.

The concrete decisions that are contained in the Paris Climate Agreement to increase the level of ambition of the NDCs must be made comparable through improved and transparent impact measurement and public reporting (Enhanced Transparency Framework - ETF). GIZ advises on the measurement, reporting and verification of climate protection measures (Measuring, Reporting and Verification, MRV).

Another focus of the advisory services is support for the development of regional or national carbon markets and emissions trading systems. In principle, various strategies can be used to achieve climate protection goals. With the instrument of emissions trading in the sense of "cap and trade", states or communities of states first determine the amount of greenhouse gas emissions they consider acceptable. GIZ supports its partners in designing mechanisms and instruments with the aim of establishing a functioning global carbon market as a central instrument in international climate protection.