Environmentally and socially responsible handling of e-waste

Environmentally sound disposal and recycling of e-waste in Ghana

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  • Commissioning Party

    German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

  • Country
  • Lead executing agency


  • Overall term

    2016 to 2026

  • Products and expertise

    Climate, environment, management of natural resources

E-waste on an informal waste disposal site. © GIZ/Veronika Johannes


In Ghana, a growing population and greater prosperity are increasing the demand for household and consumer electronics. This is driving an increase in electronic waste. Besides recyclable materials, this waste also contain pollutants that are harmful to health and the environment if not managed properly. Ghana has recognised the challenge and has been developing a legislative framework for this since 2016.


The Ghanaian Government successfully implements a system for managing unwanted electrical and electronic items that is environmentally sound and socially responsible.

Trainers develop learning material in a classroom. © GIZ/Veronika Johannes


The project focuses on three areas of action:

It advises the Ghanaian Ministry of the Environment and Environmental Protection Agency on how to set up and finance an effective e-waste management system. This requires regular dialogue with the recycling industry and with stakeholders in the informal e-waste industry. The project also develops the capacities of local authorities to implement statutory requirements and therefore handle electronic waste better.

To represent the interests of the private sector, the project supports recycling companies in developing and implementing innovative and financially viable products and services. Through consulting and training, the companies’ technical and entrepreneurial knowledge are developed. The project also promotes partnerships between formal and informal companies.

The project provides support to turn unregistered waste disposal sites into environmentally sound recycling centres and integrate the informal sector into the national e-waste management system. It works with associations for the informal recycling industry throughout the country and provides mobile training to workers in waste disposal sites. The project supports women’s associations, in particular.

A group of young entrepreneurs visit a waste disposal site. © GIZ/Veronika Johannes

Last update: April 2023

Additional information