Promoting India’s transformation to sustainable and climate-friendly e-Mobility

Promotion of Transformation to Sustainable and Climate-Friendly E-mobility

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  • Commissioning Party

    German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

  • Country
  • Lead executing agency


  • Overall term

    2021 to 2025

  • Products and expertise

    Sustainable infrastructure: water, energy, transport



The Government of India is seeking to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels by implementing targeted measures in the transportation sector, particularly promoting hybrid and electric vehicles. India's National Contributions to Climate Action (Nationally Determined Contributions, NDCs) aim to reduce CO2 emissions by 33 to 35 percent across various sectors by 2030.

Transforming urban mobility to accommodate electric vehicles poses several challenges. Before introducing electric buses, city authorities must acquire the necessary data for project preparation and allocate sufficient resources to finance buses and associated infrastructure. Additionally, adjustments to power grids are necessary to meet the escalating energy demand. To make climate mitigation efforts successful, cities need to ensure that the rising demand for electricity can be met by renewable energies. Coordinating the complex network within the transport and energy sectors adds more challenges for local authorities regarding their competencies and capabilities.


The transformation to sustainable and climate-friendly e-Mobility is promoted by coupling the transport and energy sectors.



The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and the Ministry of Heavy Industries (MHI) are jointly implementing the e-Mobility project to drive forward the transition to climate-friendly electric mobility in India. Adopting an approach with national and local stakeholders promotes horizontal and vertical cooperation processes, enhances implementing structures and bolsters strategic skills. Specific activities include:

  • Creating a conducive framework for transitioning to e-Mobility
  • Systematic application of selected e-Mobility concepts in partner cities
  • Strategies for supplying renewable energies to electric vehicles
  • Upscaling pilot activities to other cities and disseminating knowledge through joint-learning formats

Last update: December 2023

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