Creating incentives to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation

Project description

Title: Climate Protection through Avoided Deforestation and Implementation of the Governance, Forest Landscapes and Livelihoods Project (CliPAD/I-GFLL)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Cofinanced by​​​​​​​: Green Climate Fund (GCF)
Country: Lao PDR​​​​​​​
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Forestry​​​​​​​
Overall term: 2019 to 2024

Surrounded by forests, Communities are regarded as forest guardians protecting the resources while benefiting from them in tandem. Copyright: GIZ/Thomas Okfen


Lao PDR still has one of the highest rates of forest cover in Southeast Asia and is rich in natural resources like water and minerals. More than 70 per cent of the population lives near the forest and draws about 20 per cent of its livelihood from its use. Since the 1960s, forests have diminished dramatically in recent decades mainly through the expansion of agriculture, shifting cultivation, infrastructure development and timber exploitation.

This results in rising greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, biodiversity loss and a decline in water and soil protection. The most vulnerable groups are the poorest sections of Lao society, especially women and ethnic minorities who depend on intact forests for their livelihoods.


Lao PDR succeeds in reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, promoting sustainable forest management, and fostering the conservation and enhancement of forest carbon stocks.


Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) is a key strategy for the Lao Government to substantially reduce GHG emissions.

The project is strengthening the enabling environment for REDD+ implementation by:

  • enhancing the availability of financing to transform forest management
  • revising and improving the legal and regulatory framework for forestry
  • improving the enforcement of the new regulatory framework (governance).

Supporting deforestation-free agriculture and agroforestry by:

  • enhancing productivity of village agriculture
  • increasing farmers’ integration into agricultural value chains
  • improving access to finance and private sector participation for improved land management to reduce pressure on forests.

Supporting the implementation of sustainable forest management and forest landscape restoration on over 1.5 million hectares of degraded land.

Last update: October 2022

An indigenous household comfortably consumes firewood from village forests. Copyright: GIZ/Vilatsay Lattanavong

Additional information