- RURAL DEVELOPMENT
- GOVERNANCE AND DEMOCRACY
- ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE
- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT
On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), GIZ began development cooperation with the former State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in October 2000. In early 2006, Montenegro declared independence following a referendum. GIZ has maintained an office in Podgorica since 2007. Today, there are 12 national and 1 seconded personnel working for GIZ in Montenegro. A further 3 CIM experts are working in Montenegrin partner institutions.
The Montenegrin parliament’s declaration of independence on 3 June 2006 dissolved the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro as a successor to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Along with Kosovo, Montenegro is the youngest member of the European community of nations – and one of the smallest, with around 620,000 inhabitants and a surface area of some 14,000km2.
Montenegro is a member state of the United Nations and of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). In January 2007 it became the 185th member of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank. Top of Montenegro’s political agenda is the country’s accession to the European Union (EU). Montenegro was officially awarded the status of candidate country in December 2010 and negotiations on EU accession began in June 2012. The country currently faces the challenge of aligning its legislation with the acquis communautaire and complying with European standards of law and order, democracy and a market economy. The Montenegrin government is also expecting to be admitted to NATO in the near future.
The primary aim of German development cooperation is to support the government’s economic and structural reform efforts to help the country gain EU membership. German cooperation with Montenegro has, therefore, changed from bilateral to regional cooperation. On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), GIZ is working on two supra-regional projects in the priority areas of biodiversity and climate change. GIZ is also supporting Montenegro’s EU accession process through two delegated implementation arrangements with the EU and a measure financed by the Study and Expert Fund. This project provides advice on harmonisation with the European Single Market in the areas of state aid, promoting fair and efficient competition, and the free movement of services and on improving the statutory framework in the area of company law.
BMZ is supporting legal reforms, advice on foreign policy and energy efficiency measures using funds from the Open Regional Funds