GIZ has been working in Burundi since 1975. Between 1993 and 2004, the civil war resulted in its activities being scaled back to emergency aid only. In Burundi today, GIZ has 154 national personnel, 27 seconded experts, 18 development workers and three integrated experts placed by CIM.
Due to the events in summer 2015, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) has suspended cooperation with the Burundian Government and the Burundian police force. All activities that directly serve the population will continue.
With an area of 27,834 square kilometres and just 11 million inhabitants, Burundi is one of the smallest countries in Africa; it is also one of the world’s most densely populated countries. Around three quarters of the population live in poverty, and 90 per cent of the population is dependent on subsistence farming. Food supplies are inadequate, as is medical care. The situation is exacerbated by Burundi’s high population growth of about 3 per cent per annum.
These problems are to a large extent the result of many years of violent conflict between various ethnic and interest groups, which culminated in the outbreak of civil war in the early 1990s. In August 2000, 19 political parties signed a peace agreement in Arusha, Tanzania. In April 2009, the sole remaining rebel group laid down its arms. Municipal, presidential, senate and parliamentary elections were held in 2010 for the second time, although they were not recognised by the opposition. The presidential elections held in July 2015 were again marked by violent conflict that continues to this day.
In its international cooperation with Burundi, implemented on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Germany has been actively engaged in the water and sanitation sector since 2005. GIZ is also assisting Burundi with decentralisation, local economic development, reproductive health and family planning programmes, climate change adaptation as well as good governance in the extractive sector. With financial support from the European Union, advisory services are also being provided to the Government of Burundi regarding land rights and registry plans. In cooperation with the Netherlands, GIZ and its partners are promoting the use of renewable energies by municipalities and households.
BMZ is supporting food security and social cohesion in the province of Bujumbura Rural. Together with UNICEF, the Civil Peace Service (CPS) is helping to put in place a scheme to provide holistic psychosocial care for traumatised women and children and to support peace education initiatives. In addition, CPS is advising civil society organisations (CSOs) in Burundi on transitional justice issues.
A regional programme, Support for the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), is assisting the conference secretariat, which is based in Burundi, in combating the illegal trade in conflict minerals in the region.
Projects and Programmes
Security, reconstruction and peace
Environment and climate change
Fax: +257 22 221954