Karte Niger

International cooperation between Germany and the Niger began in the 1960s. GIZ and its predecessor organisations have had an office in the capital Niamey since 1968. A German development cooperation country office housing GIZ and the local branch of the Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) opened in 2008. GIZ currently has 13 seconded experts, one integrated expert, 12 development workers and 106 national personnel working in the Niger.

With a population of 17.2 million and an annual per capita income of EUR 517 (2013), the Republic of the Niger is one of the world’s 10 poorest countries (2012 Human Development Index ranking: 186th out of 187 countries and territories). An unpredictable climate, overuse of the soil and erosion pose a permanent threat to agricultural production. Frequent natural disasters and high population growth mean that the Niger is often affected by food crises.

The Niger is a resource-exporting country. Its main export products are uranium and oil. Gold and agricultural products, including livestock, also generate foreign exchange. The Niger is three and a half times the size of Germany, but a mere 15 per cent of the country is suitable for farming. Poverty is particularly severe in rural regions, home to 80 per cent of the population. The country’s modest economic growth mainly benefits the urban elite. The Niger’s landlocked position, its poor infrastructure, inefficient government institutions, lack of access to education, inadequate health care, rapid population growth – currently 3.8 per cent per annum (World Bank 2012) – and difficult security situation are major obstacles to development.

Following a phase of political instability, with a military coup in 2010, a democratically elected government was restored in the Republic of the Niger in April 2011. Since then, the country has achieved a measure of political stability which, so far, has withstood the challenges posed by wars in Libya and Mali, subsequent terrorist activities by Islamist groups in the region, and conflicts between the political parties. Nonetheless, the security situation remains uncertain.

In October 2012, the Government of the Niger unveiled a framework Economic and Social Development Plan, the Programme de Développement Economique et Social du Niger (PDES 2012-2015), which also provides guidance for the donor community’s endeavours to support the Niger’s political, social and cultural development. At the same time, under the leadership of its President, the country launched the 3N initiative (Les Nigériens nourrissent les Nigériens – Nigeriens Nourish Nigeriens) with the aim of improving food security. In addition, various ministries have adopted sector strategies, including a new 10-year development programme for the education sector from 2014 and a small-scale irrigation strategy for the agricultural sector.

Germany’s international cooperation activities with the Niger are aligned to the priorities identified in the PDES and those set by the donor community, and involve implementing projects and programmes agreed bilaterally by the two countries. Joint programmes with KfW Development Bank have been launched in three sectors: rural development, productive agriculture and food security; decentralisation and good governance; and basic education. In addition, advisors seconded by GIZ are providing support to the Niger Basin Authority (Autorité du Bassin du Niger – ABN), the Ministry of National Planning, and the Niger’s Food Security Authority. Experts working in GIZ’s Civil Peace Service Programme promote the peaceful use of cross-border resources by nomadic pastoralists. By strengthening national police structures in the Niger with the aim of improving security at its borders, GIZ is supporting the country’s national security strategy.

Projects and Programmes

Office contact

GIZ Office Niger
Country Director
Jörg Maxin

Office address
GIZ Office Niger
Avenue de l’Afrique, Porte N° 36
Phone: +227 20 722551
Fax: +227 20 732629

Postal Address
GIZ – Coopération Allemande au Développement, B.P. 10814
Republic Niger