Food and nutrition security, enhanced resilience

Project description

Title: Food and nutrition security, enhanced resilience
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Supraregional: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Togo, Yemen, Zambia
Lead executing agency: Varies by country
Overall term: 2014 to 2020

Context
Around the world, almost 800 million people are undernourished and another two billion are suffering from malnutrition. While the global number of those who do not have enough to eat has fallen in recent decades, in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia the figure is higher today than ever before. Widespread malnutrition – principally in developing countries – not only hinders individual human beings from developing their potential, but also influences the development opportunities of whole countries. If children do not receive enough crucial nutrients such as vitamins and minerals during what is called the 1,000-day window – the period from conception up to their second birthday – this will have an effect on their growth and mental abilities, and thus on their learning and working opportunities.

There are many different causes of hunger and malnutrition: poverty, crises, conflicts and natural disasters, a lack of access to health services, safe drinking water and sanitary facilities, poor hygiene and an unbalanced diet – often a result of not knowing what makes a healthy diet. A broad-based approach is therefore required to combat hunger and malnutrition and tackle the varied and complex causes comprehensively.

Objective
The members of households at risk of malnutrition have sufficient supplies of healthy food at all times – even during food crises.

Approach
The Food and Nutrition Security, Enhanced Resilience Programme is active in 11 African and Asian countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Togo, Yemen and Zambia. It works in close cooperation with national and international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to mobilise all social forces. The programme thus makes a direct contribution towards global efforts to improve food and nutrition security, for instance by supporting governments as part of the international Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) initiative.

The programme coordinates its activities with local ministries and is linked with bilateral programmes run by German development cooperation. This ensures that the achieved results reinforce each other and that approaches are permanently integrated into local structures. Consulting firms are also involved in implementation.

The manifold causes of malnutrition and undernutrition can only be tackled in an integrated manner. The programme therefore connects measures from a variety of sectors, such as agriculture, health, education, social protection and WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene). For example, women receive information about eating a healthy, balanced diet. At the same time, they learn how to grow, store and prepare food properly. Human health also plays an important role since only healthy bodies can absorb and use nutrients and vitamins. Good, hygienic practices in households and the provision of clean water are essential in this regard.

The programme’s main target group comprises women of child-bearing age, pregnant women, nursing mothers and small children who are particularly affected by food and nutrition insecurity. The programme aims to improve their food and nutrition situation and resilience to food crises.

The consulting firm GFA supports the implementation oft he project in Cambodia and Togo.

Special initiative One World, No Hunger. Women at an African market negotiate buying and selling fruit. (Photo: Klaus Wohlmann) © GIZ