ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE
GOVERNANCE AND DEMOCRACY
GIZ has been working in Peru since 1975. It currently has 20 seconded and more than 250 national personnel, 30 development workers, including eight from the Civil Peace Service (CPS), 12 CIM experts and 15 returning experts in Peru.
Having experienced a long phase of strong economic growth, Peru has doubled its per capita gross national income (GNI). The number of people living in poverty fell from 42.4 per cent in 2007 to 25.8 per cent in 2012, and the proportion of people living in absolute poverty has almost halved, from 11.2 per cent in 2007 to 6 per cent in 2012, according to Peru’s National Institute of Statistics and Informatics. Despite these achievements, the country still has large income disparities and a high concentration of poverty in rural areas. Structural problems, including a still strongly centralised system of government, are obstacles to more efficient and transparent governance and basic public service provision.
Peru is severely affected by climate change. More than 50 per cent of the population live in the narrow desert belt along the Pacific coast, where the water supply is a growing problem. Peru has the fourth largest area of tropical forest in the world after Brazil, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Indonesia, but its vast forests are being steadily destroyed as a result of overexploitation and resource extraction. This also poses a threat to Peru’s biodiversity, which is regarded as one of the richest in the world.
GIZ’s bilateral activities on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) focus on the following priority areas:
- democracy, civil society and public administration
- water supply and sanitation
- sustainable rural development, management of natural resources, and climate change.
On behalf of BMZ, GIZ is also working to improve energy access, reduce vulnerability to climate change and create collective memory of the armed conflict.
In recent years, cooperation with other international donors in Peru has intensified. Some projects are cofinanced by the governments of the USA, Netherlands and Switzerland. GIZ’s portfolio also includes numerous development partnerships with the private sector, with a particular focus on water and sanitation, domestic energy and agriculture.
Peru is involved in various regional projects on topics such as combating violence against women, transregional protected area management, capacity development for decentralisation, vocational training, and access to insurance.
On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), GIZ is implementing four projects in Peru with funding from Germany’s International Climate Initiative (IKI). They focus on:
- co-management of the Amazon region in Peru
- integrated financial management of climate risks in the agricultural sector
- public investment and climate change adaptation
- supporting Peru’s tropical forest protection programme II.
On behalf of the German Federal Foreign Office (AA), GIZ is engaged in a project to implement legislation on the rights of indigenous peoples to consultation and information.