Return and reintegration of forcibly displaced people and international migrants
Title: Skills for Reintegration
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Overall term: 2016 to 2020
According to the United Nations, at the end of 2018, there were 258 million migrants, of whom 70.8 million had been forcibly displaced. Many of these people are hosted by developing countries. Their chances of taking up employment, enhancing their skills and thus securing a living in the long term within these host countries and communities are limited.
Successful reintegration processes begin before the actual return. Institutions that support migrants are therefore looking for ways to tailor their return preparation offers specifically to the needs of reintegration in the region of origin.
By providing needs-based training opportunities, the employability of voluntary returnees and the local population in host communities is increased.
The project supports migrants with the decision to voluntarily return to their home country and with their reintegration process. The main focus here is on South-South migration. The Skills for Reintegration project works with targeted pilot measures in The Gambia, Niger, Kyrgyzstan and Mexico.
Opportunities to gain personal and professional skills
In The Gambia, the project works with the Gambia Technical Training Institute (GTTI) and the Youth Empowerment Project (YEP), an EU-funded project for fighting youth unemployment. Here, the partners provide better training opportunities for voluntarily returning Gambians and support the local population.
In Niger, the project works with the German organisations Dominikus-Ringeisen-Werk (DRW) and the Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund (ASB) to improve the range and the quality of professional training measures for refugees from Mali and for the population in the host communities. Due to the unstable situation in Mali, voluntary return is currently not encouraged.
In Kyrgyzstan, the project focuses on the certification of skills acquired abroad and providing advice on setting up a business in order to promote the long-term reintegration of returning migrant workers into the domestic labour market.
Promoting networking among national and international institutions
The Skills for Reintegration project fosters cooperation among local, regional and international stakeholders in the various pilot measures.
In Mexico, in particular, the focus of the measure is on strengthening networks and alliances. For this purpose, the project is supporting the establishment of a network between non-governmental organisations (NGOs), which works on topics such as shaping migration policy and integral support models for effective (re)integration processes. The project also supports dialogue within Mexico between NGOs and academia on the one hand and the Mexican Government on the other, and organises colloquiums on priority topics.
Improving the data basis
The project evaluates the needs of the target groups and the labour market in each host country and country of origin.
- In The Gambia, two training courses have been developed in the field of small solar home systems and rural mechanics. 22 teachers have already been trained for this purpose. The GTTI site in Mansa Konko has been renovated and the equipment of the administrative and training facilities has been improved.
- In Niger, training courses have been held for 20 teachers, and a total of 99 people have completed state-certified vocational education and training in seven different fields. Of these graduates, 95 per cent have already entered the labour market directly.
- In Kyrgyzstan, an information centre has been set up for returning migrant workers. Reintegration models have been developed through the recognition of certificates and skills acquired abroad. Nine returnees received a state-accredited certificate for the profession of chef. In addition, returning migrant workers with entrepreneurial ambitions receive advice, are connected with business associations and participate in business training courses. 50 returnees have already taken part in entrepreneurial training. Of these, 28 completed the course and 17 have already successfully founded a company. An app has been developed to help improve job placement. So far, 44 companies and around 700 returning migrants are using the service.
- In Mexico, the network for (re)integration currently comprises 23 NGOs. Three dialogue formats between NGOs, the government, private sector, academia and international organisations have been organised to discuss local strategies for handling migration, new state programmes and the integration of migrants into the labour market.