Promoting protection and sustainable management of indigenous areas in the Amazon
Title: Protection and Sustainable Management of Indigenous Areas in the Amazon
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Partner: EUR 2,000,000
Lead executing agency: National Indian Foundation (Fundação Nacional do Índio (FUNAI))
Overall term: 2018 to 2021
Deforestation in Brazil continues to be a major political challenge: it is particularly important to strike a balance between the various interests. In the Amazon region, the indigenous areas prevent deforestation and help significantly in protecting Brazil’s tropical forests and unique biodiversity. The country has over 400 indigenous territories, together covering more than 12 per cent of the Brazilian territory, predominantly in the Amazon. In addition, indigenous territories are fundamental to the protection of indigenous peoples and the long-term preservation of their culture and knowledge.
The situation of the indigenous peoples of Brazil remains difficult. Despite extensive rights guaranteed by the constitution, land conflicts between the indigenous population and large landowners repeatedly result in violence. Major infrastructure projects and overlaps between indigenous areas and other forms of use often give rise to conflicts. Against this backdrop, the participatory and collaborative elaboration of the first National Policy on Territorial and Environmental Management of Indigenous Lands (PNGATI) from 2008 to 2012 represents an important step on the path towards involving indigenous peoples in the sustainable administration of their land. The PNGATI sets out how government institutions and indigenous organisations are to implement the policy at both national and regional level.
The PNGATI forms the political framework for all measures taken to protect and manage indigenous areas. The challenge now is to implement this policy based on a holistic approach.
Capacities for planning, monitoring and evaluating the National Policy on Territorial and Environmental Management of Indigenous Lands (PNGATI) are being strengthened at local level.
The project supports the regional implementation of the PNGATI, with the regional offices and local networks of the National Indian Foundation (FUNAI) playing a central role on the ground. Working with indigenous representatives and local organisations, they are responsible for planning, monitoring and evaluating suitable measures and developing them in a coordinated way.
In the pilot regions of Médio Perus and Madeira, a Brazilian partner – the International Institute of Education of Brazil (Instituto Internacional de Educaçâo do Brasil, IEB) – is supporting FUNAI’s regional offices with training and advisory measures, which help the Foundation to draw up annual work plans. The project is in the process of preparing the initial modules in collaboration with IEB and FUNAI with a view to implementing them in the second half of 2020. In light of the coronavirus pandemic, all modules are being planned as online events. Indigenous people are directly involved throughout the process, from the design phase of the training modules right through to implementation and follow-up.
An e-learning platform offers professional training and qualification in organisational development. The project has developed the platform in collaboration with the state-run administration academy, the FUNAI regional offices, local governmental authorities, indigenous organisations and the member organisations of the local networks for planning, monitoring and evaluation. Alongside the content of the PNGATI, this learning and knowledge platform concentrates on participatory approaches and culturally appropriate communication skills. The measures take account of gender-related and generation-specific aspects
Latest update: October 2020