Map of Madagascar

GIZ has been working in Madagascar on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) since 1982. Currently, 27 national personnel and 10 German experts are working in the country.

Madagascar is the world’s fourth largest island and is more than one and a half times the size of Germany. It boasts unique flora and fauna and offers excellent potential in agriculture and the extractive sector.

Repeated political crises have set back development in Madagascar again and again. In response to the unconstitutional change of government in March 2009, German international cooperation suspended all project and programme activities at ministerial level.

Deficits in the performance capacity of democratic institutions and civil society and in the ability of the Government and the administration to act transparently and in line with the rule of law are an obstacle to the country’s development. Madagascar is one of the world’s poorest countries, and progress on reducing poverty since 2000 has been negligible. The current population of 21 million looks set to double within 30 years. This will exert growing pressure on natural resources and create major challenges in terms of ensuring food security and achieving social and economic development.

Madagascar is also among the countries worst affected by climate change. It suffers from frequent cyclones, which not only devastate harvests but also cause massive damage to the country’s infrastructure.

Environmental policy and the protection and sustainable use of natural resources

Abject poverty in rural regions, low agricultural productivity and a rising demand for farmland and fuel wood as the population grows are all jeopardising Madagascar’s natural resources and biodiversity. After consultations between the Governments of Madagascar and Germany, environmental policy and the protection and sustainable use of natural resources were therefore selected as the priority areas for GIZ’s work.

Since the German-Malagasy environment programme was launched, more than 7,000 hectares of land have been reforested in the north and the south-west of the island. The introduction of modern technology to produce and market charcoal has raised the income of producers and traders. GIZ is supporting the establishment of new conservation areas covering a total area of almost 270,000 hectares, thus improving the socio-economic situation of communities in the surrounding areas. In the field of decentralisation, GIZ is helping more than 30 municipalities to develop capacities and human resources and to draw up land use plans. The responsibility for managing 95,000 hectares of forest has been transferred to local user groups.

Madagascar has major potential to develop its renewable energy sources, especially hydropower. However, less than five per cent of the rural population currently has access to electricity. GIZ is therefore assisting the Agency for Rural Electrification (ADER) to plan small-scale hydropower projects and implement them in cooperation with private operators and investors.

Improving the resilience of the rural population in the south of Madagascar

In the south of Madagascar, climate change is reducing rainfall and causing longer periods of drought. The project launched in May 2013 aims to improve the food security situation and boost the incomes of rural households.

In close coordination with this project, GIZ is also implementing the Developing Value Creation Chains in the South-East of Madagascar’ project, which is financed by the European Union.

Cooperation with the private sector

LECOFRUIT. As part of a development partnership with the LECOFRUIT Company, measures are being implemented to diversify incomes and boost agricultural yields among small-scale farmers in Madagascar’s highlands.

Rio Tinto Iron and Titanium. As part of BMZ’s programme, GIZ is cooperating with the mining company Rio Tinto Iron and Titanium in Mozambique and Madagascar, working in one mining region in each country to boost local and regional economic development. The aim of the development partnership is to strengthen small and medium-sized local businesses in both regions by providing vocational training to equip them to accept orders in the mining sector. Sustainable sources of income that do not depend on the mining industry – for example in the agricultural sector – will also be promoted in municipalities.

Projects and Programmes


Completed Projects and Programmes

Office contact

GIZ-Office Madagascar
Country Director
Alan Walsch

Office address
GIZ-Office Madagascar
Bureau de la GIZ à Antananarivo Enceinte SOA MEF Ambatobe
Antananarivo 101- Madagascar
Phone: +261 20 22 425 98 ; +261 20 22 425 99
Fax: +261 20 22 422 55

Postal Address
Bureau de la GIZ B.P. 869
101 Antananarivo