Promoting peace in Colombia by clarifying land ownership issues
Title: World Bank trust fund for the multipurpose cadaster in Colombia
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Agencia Presidencial de Cooperación Internacional de Colombia (APC-Colombia), Presidential Agency for International Cooperation of Colombia (APC-Colombia)
Overall term: 2021 to 2023
Regional inequalities in Colombia have been exacerbated by the armed conflict between FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia), non-state military groups, cartels and the government. For more than 50 years, a central issue of conflict has been land distribution, which is considered one of the origins of ongoing violent confrontations in Colombia. In addition, unclear and insufficiently documented land ownership is also a major factor in the continued destruction of forests and the environment.
The 2016 peace agreement between the government and FARC aims to implement land reform. This is intended to improve living and working conditions for rural populations and return stolen land. Farmers, their communities and the different ethnic groups have been particularly hard hit. Land reform requires clarification of land ownership and land condition. Therefore, these are to be recorded in an official land register – a multipurpose cadaster.
The community is participating more in implementing the multipurpose cadaster.
To achieve this, the project is financially supporting a loan from the World Bank to compile the multipurpose cadaster.
The project also assists in enabling the organisations compiling the multipurpose cadaster to carry out context analyses that also give special consideration to the needs of women, ethnic communities and smallholder farmers.
The multipurpose cadaster is to be compiled in cooperation with the local population. The project therefore supports implementing organisations in actively promoting citizen participation. The needs of groups particularly impacted by the conflict are also to be considered.
The project also strengthens its partners in developing knowledge products such as learning materials and training modules, and making them digitally available. This is designed to enable implementation organisations to share knowledge with each other.
Last update: April 2022