Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has been working in Bosnia and Herzegovina on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) since 1995. There are currently 78 GIZ staff working in the country, including eight CIM experts. The Federal Republic of Germany is the largest bilateral donor in the field of international cooperation with Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In March 1992, Bosnia announced its secession from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; since then, it has been an independent republic. It was recognised as an independent state by the international community the following month. Almost immediately, war broke out between the Serbs, Croats and Bosniaks, which was finally brought to an end by the Dayton Agreement three years later in 1995. Bosnia and Herzegovina emerged from the war with a highly complex state structure, consisting of two largely autonomous entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and Republika Srpska (RS). Brčko district was granted its own special status and administration.
This situation has resulted in complicated organisational structures and bureaucratic procedures, unwieldy governance processes and a weak economic and financial policy. This creates great uncertainty for local and foreign investors, thus making economic recovery a very slow process.
Talks between the EU and Bosnia and Herzegovina on a Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) began in autumn 2005. The Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) between the European Union and Bosnia and Herzegovina entered into force on 1st of June 2015.
Alongside GIZ’s work in the field of bilateral cooperation, there is now an increasing focus on promoting regional cooperation with other South-East European countries. Since September 2010, the GIZ office in Sarajevo has also been the base for regional activities, including the Open Regional Funds which focus on legal reform, foreign trade promotion, modernisation of municipal services, energy efficiency and renewable energies.
Transforming the country’s economy from a centrally planned system into a competition-based market economy, achieving greater domestic stability and furthering economic integration with the EU are among the Government’s stated objectives. Sustainable economic development, democracy and civil society have therefore been agreed as priority areas and provide the framework for development cooperation with Bosnia and Herzegovina. Within and beyond these priority areas, we are also engaged in cross-border and inter-ethnic programmes and projects that make a contribution to development and stability and are recognised by the international community.
GIZ in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Projects and Programmes
Governance and democracy
Environment and climate change
Economic development and employment
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