Energy Efficiency in Public Buildings in Turkey
Title: DKTI Programme, Energy Efficiency in Public Buildings in Turkey
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation (MoEU)
Overall term: 2014 to 2020
In the face of global climate change and concerns for energy security, Turkey aims to substantially reduce its energy consumption in all strategic sectors, i.e. building, industry and transport. Several legal requirements are in place for energy efficiency (EE), such as the Energy Efficiency Law, a regulation on Energy Performance in Buildings and a regulation on Increasing Energy Efficiency in the use of Energy Resources. The latter targets a minimum 20 per cent reduction goal in energy intensity by 2023 compared to 2010.
The National Energy Efficiency Action Plan 2017 suggests 55 actions across six categories to reduce the total primary energy consumption by 14 per cent between 2017 and 2023, leading to a cumulative primary energy savings of 277.9 TWh (Terra Watt hours) or 23.9 mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent). According to the National Energy Efficiency Strategy, at least 25 per cent of the building stock should be upgraded to sustainable buildings by 2023. The 2011 National Climate Change Action Plan aims for public buildings and facilities to serve as a role model, decreasing annual energy consumption by 20 per cent within the same timeframe.
The legal, technical and administrative framework conditions for energy efficiency in public buildings in Turkey are improved.
Launched under the German Climate Technology Initiative (DKTI), the project is helping to drive forward Turkey’s sustainable economic and technological development. The approach concentrates on four specific components:
- Assist the partner ministry to build the capacity it needs to effectively enforce existing regulations and enhance the legal framework conditions for energy efficiency in public buildings
- Support the establishment of an energy efficiency data management system (DMS) for public buildings in Turkey as the basis for ministerial action plans
- Foster technology cooperation between Turkey and Germany/EU countries, with a view to enhancing know-how transfer in the private sector
- Demonstrate energy-efficient technologies in public buildings in a bid to a) raise awareness of the gains that can be achieved by implementing energy efficiency measures and b) provide guidance to implementing bodies tasked with developing a systematic approach for retrofitting buildings which they can apply to similar projects in the future
Since the beginning of the programme, 228 experts from Chambers of Mechanical Engineers, Civil Engineers, Architects Electrical Engineers and private companies were educated in Train-the-Trainer programmes on Energy Performance Certificates in Turkey and its newly developed software. With the help of these trainings, the curriculum is being updated and improved by the project.
After two energy audits in local schools, an innovative combined energy efficiency and earthquake-safety retrofit design for a public school was carried out by German and Turkish specialists in cooperation with the Turkish Ministry of National Education (MoNE). The technical plans provide the guidance for the energy efficient retrofit of a school in the city of Kırıkkale funded by MoNE, which will serve as a pilot after construction works are finalised. The pilot will also feature the first Data Monitoring System (DMS) in a school in Turkey measuring data and monitoring the performance of the building. Both, retrofitting and the implementation of a DMS will serve as best practice examples that can be upscaled to 60,000 schools throughout Turkey with the help of a Guideline for School Retrofits in Turkey that is being compiled by the project.
Moreover, the project has produced a number of reports and organised study tours on Zero Carbon Building concepts, a tailor-made definition for nZEB (nearly Zero Energy Building) in Turkey and energy audits.
A short version of an Energy Efficiency Technology Atlas on energy efficiency products, services, actors in various sectors in Turkey, and was internationally prepared and launched at the 9th EE Forum and Fair in Istanbul and handed over to Germany’s Environment Minister during the Berliner Energietage.
In the endeavour for academic cooperation and a first university programme on Energy Efficiency for Buildings in Turkey, a four-week Summer School on Energy Efficiency in Buildings was organised with students from the Middle East Technical University in Ankara and Beuth University of Applied Sciences in Berlin.
An energy audit of the MoEU service building in Ankara was carried out by a team of German and Turkish auditors to identify high-end measures for energy efficiency improvements.