Germany has been engaged in international cooperation with Burkina Faso since 1973. It is the fifth largest bilateral donor and thus an important partner for the country. The funding provided through international cooperation is a vital source of income for Burkina Faso. Grants and foreign loans account for around 70 per cent of the national budget.
In Burkina Faso, GIZ mainly operates on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), although it also works for the Federal Foreign Office (AA) and other international clients. GIZ has maintained an office in the capital Ouagadougou since 1987. At present, GIZ has 15 seconded staff, 14 development workers and 218 national experts working in this country.
On the UNDP Human Development Index (HDI), the landlocked state of Burkina Faso is ranked 183rd out of the 188 countries listed (2014). Average annual GDP is USD 717 per capita (2014), making it one of the poorest countries in the world. The population of Burkina Faso is estimated at 17 million. With a growth rate of just over 3 per cent per annum, the population is expected to double within 25 years. This poses major problems for the country in terms of food security, the sustainable management of resources and the provision of social services, water and energy for its people.
Burkina Faso has virtually no mineral resources other than gold, and its economic development is largely dependent on agriculture, with cotton the main export. Around 80 per cent of the population relies on subsistence farming. In all, almost half the population of Burkina Faso lives below the absolute poverty line. Between 2008 and 2012, the illiteracy rate among adults was 28 per cent, with a significantly higher proportion of women unable to read and write.
GIZ’s activities concentrate on the south-west and east of the country and the capital Ouagadougou. German development cooperation with Burkina Faso on behalf of BMZ currently focuses on sustainable agriculture, decentralisation and water. The Ministry of Economy and Finance is receiving advice on introducing systemic budget reform, the aim being to align budget management more closely to international standards of efficiency, transparency and accountability.
Food security and soil conservation projects are being implemented as part of BMZ’s One World – No Hunger Initiative and include measures to improve soil resilience in farming and to establish green innovation centres for the agriculture and food sector.
The regional programme being implemented by the Civil Peace Service (CPS) in Burkina Faso, Niger and Benin contributes to the peaceful and equitable use of natural resources and the promotion of peaceful cross-border transhumance (seasonal migration of livestock to suitable grazing grounds).
Projects and Programmes
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