Support for Morocco’s energy policy (PAPEM)
Title: Support for Morocco’s energy policy
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Energy, Mines, Water and Environment
Overall term: 2015 to 2017
Morocco has set itself ambitious targets to achieve by 2020 in the field of renewable energies and energy efficiency. By this date, the country hopes that renewable energies will account for around 27 per cent of electricity production (42 per cent of installed capacity), and that energy efficiency will have increased by 12 per cent. These targets will be achieved by developing solar, wind and hydroelectric power. A law on renewable energies has been adopted, as well as one on energy efficiency. Various institutions have been entrusted with the task of developing renewable energies and improving energy efficiency: the National Agency for the Development of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ADEREE), the Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy (MASEN) and the Energy Investment Company (SIE).
However, the current legal and institutional framework remains inadequate. The legal framework for renewable energies is too restrictive and inconsistent, for example, and measures to improve energy efficiency lack implementing regulations. ADEREE is currently unable to meet its advisory and support mandate satisfactorily. There is a shortage of the experience and expertise needed in the Ministry of Energy, Mines, Water and Environment (MEMEE) to achieve the hoped-for gradual liberalisation of the energy market, and there is no independent regulatory authority to ensure fair access to and use of the electricity grid for all forms of renewable energy and for all stakeholders. In addition, little has been done to develop the energy strategy beyond 2020.
The legal and institutional framework for market development in the energy sector, in particular for developing renewable energies and increasing energy efficiency, is improved.
The project supports ongoing development of the legal framework and institutional conditions in the energy sector. In this way it contributes to long-term market development. The project advises MEMEE on improving the existing legislative framework for renewable energies and energy efficiency and on developing the accompanying sub-statutory regulations. In addition, the project helps the Ministry with establishing a regulatory authority and producing long-term energy scenarios. In a second field of action, the project supports ADEREE with development and implementation of national technology and target group programmes. The project cooperates with various other projects in the energy sector financed by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi).