Communal Development and Decentralisation (ProDéCID)
Title: Communal development and decentralisation (ProDéCID)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministère de l’Intérieur et de la Décentralisation (MID)
Overall term: 2015 to 2018
Since 1994, systematic decentralisation has been a priority for the development of Madagascar. For this strongly centralised country, it plays a key role in citizen-oriented development.
During the political crisis from 2009 to 2014, the state gradually withdrew from its core functions. The economic consequences of this included an alarming degree of social deprivation.
Following the end of the crisis in 2014, new decentralisation laws were passed. At the same time, local elections were held, with the result that the local administrations now have a clear mandate to govern. However, the responsibilities and the allocation of resources at the local level have not yet been determined in a binding manner.
Local development is an important component of the national strategy for development, under which the decentralising reforms are geared towards poverty reduction and needs-based development.
Selected local authorities are fulfilling their role as actors in local development in line with the needs of the population.
Guided by the national development strategy, the ProDéCID project provides support in four areas:
- Strengthening local finances: local revenue management system, improving transparency, citizen-oriented local budgets
- Promoting local economic development by strengthening cooperation between the public and private sectors
- Improving local services, such as administration and basic services
- Improving support for local authorities through key actors in decentralisation
By improving local services in the pilot regions of Diana, Boeny and Analamanga, the project contributes directly to poverty reduction in 80 local authorities, benefiting around 100,000 residents. Thanks to the transfer of knowledge in regional networks, the project is able to reach all the citizens in the three regions – around 4.8 million people – and provide them with indirect support.
The project provides advice at three levels. Besides the local-level activities already described, it supports the Ministry of Interior and Decentralization and the Ministry of Finance and Budget in harmonising the legal framework. At the regional level, in cooperation with the relevant central government institutions, it supports capacity and resource development at the local authorities in the three pilot regions.
GFA Consulting Group assists with the project implementation.
The ProDéCID project contributes in many ways to communal development and decentralisation:
- Revenues collected by the partner authorities in the Diana region have risen by 60 per cent on average.
- In the three partner regions, the tax registers have been updated.
- The registration of births, marriages and deaths by the 25 partner authorities has improved.
- In 100 local authorities, civil servants have received training for their work.
- In six local authorities, there is now a platform for efficient communication and coordination between the private and public sectors.