Pro-poor municipal development and decentralisation in Madagascar (ProDéCID)
Title: Pro-poor municipal development and decentralisation in Madagascar (ProDéCID)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministère de l’Intérieur et de la Décentralisation (MID)
Overall term: 2015 to 2017
In 2015, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) commissioned GIZ to implement a project to support the municipal development and decentralisation process in Madagascar. The issue of municipal development was previously addressed within the scope of an environmental project from 2009.
Madagascar’s municipalities have proven their effectiveness as representative and administrative bodies in recent years. However, they still lack the financial resources and the clear political mandate they need to fulfil their duties on a comprehensive basis. Consequently, they are unable to provide adequate basic services. This has a direct impact on the people’s lives, resulting for instance in poor access to schooling, water supply and medical treatment.
The Malagasy Government has opted to focus on decentralisation as the key to promoting development throughout the country. Parliament approved a package of reforms and new legislation on decentralisation in 2014. However, the political and administrative conditions required to implement the new legislation are not yet in place. Municipal and regional administrations are hampered in their work by the continuing shortage of funds and personnel. Less than two per cent of the national budget is currently allocated to local government authorities, which barely have any sources of revenue of their own.
A more enabling environment is in place for effective decentralisation and deconcentration, paving the way for pro-poor municipal development that improves people’s living conditions.
The project assists the Malagasy Government and authorities in their efforts and activities to implement decentralisation. For example, it is providing advice on how to implement the national legislation in a way that improves the general conditions for municipal administration and service provision. This includes steps to ensure that municipalities have better financial resources.
Further training is being provided for individuals and office holders at all levels, whether in municipalities, regional administrative structures or national government.
The Malagasy partners are seeking to achieve broader participation in municipal development on the part of the population and the private sector. GIZ is supporting this endeavour with a range of activities, including initiatives to encourage private sector investment and the creation of networks and dialogue platforms.
At the same time, capacity development is being undertaken to strengthen selected institutions that are vital to the decentralisation process. These include institutions that offer training in relevant sectors themselves.
Measures to strengthen municipal administration will be piloted in the Diana region, with the experience gained there being processed and applied in other regions of Madagascar.