Map Timor-Leste

Development cooperation between Timor-Leste and Germany began in 1999. At present, GIZ has around 100 national and seconded personnel and five CIM experts working in the country.  

Timor-Leste's per capita gross domestic product is around 500 US dollars, excluding oil revenues. The domestic market is too small to sustain local industrial production. Prices are unattractive to foreign customers, in part due to high transport costs and pegging to the US dollar. The general level of education and training has so far precluded the development of a significant service economy. Poverty is widespread in rural areas.

The country's challenges are particularly evident from its employment situation. Each year there are fewer than 1,000 jobs available in the formal economy for more than 15,000 school leavers. Instead of contributing to an economic upturn, many of Timor-Leste’s young people graduate straight from school or training into unemployment. Social tensions and unfulfilled expectations of a better life remain a latent but potential source of conflict.

A lack of productivity and infrastructure precludes any significant agricultural exports. Processing of agriculture produce and import substitution offer prospects for the commercial sector, which is growing, albeit slowly.

According to Timor-Leste’s Strategic Development Plan 2011-2030, published in July 2011, the Timorese nation’s key attributes for promoting the country's development are political will, economic potential, national integration of its 1.1 million people in a country with a surface area of around 15,000 square kilometres, and the dynamism of its young population.

GIZ has been working in Timor-Leste on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) since 2000. Current priorities are peacebuilding and development.

Advice is being provided to the government and authorities on bringing Timor-Leste into line with international maritime standards. GIZ is also implementing rural development programmes with cofinancing from the European Union.

Better prospects make it easier to manage social conflicts non-violently. Young people, particularly in rural areas, should be empowered to achieve recognition within society. Employment is the key to escaping poverty and violence.


Projects and Programmes

Office contact

GIZ Office Indonesia
Country director
Peter Palesch
Email: giz-indonesien@giz.de

Office address
GIZ Office Indonesia
Menara BCA, Level 46 Jl. M.H. Thamrin No. 1 Jakarta 10310 Indonesia
Phone: +62 21 23587111
Fax: +62 21 23587110
Email: giz-indonesien@giz.de

GIZ Joint Project Administration in Timor-Leste
Country Coordinator
Silvio Decurtins
Email: giz-timor-leste@giz.de

Office address
GIZ Joint Project Administration in Timor-Leste
Palm Business & Trade Center, 3rd floor, Surik Mas, Fatumeta
Phone: +670 331 0544
Email: giz-timorleste@giz.de

Postal Address
Palm Business & Trade Center, 3rd floor, Surik Mas, Fatumeta
Dili, Timor-Leste
P.O.Box 60

Project data