German-Moroccan Energy Partnership

Project description

Title: German-Moroccan Energy Partnership (PAREMA)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi)
Country: Morocco
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Energy, Mining and Sustainable Development (MEMDD)
Overall term: 2016 to 2018

Context

The German-Moroccan Energy Partnership (PAREMA) was founded in 2012 when the relevant ministers signed a joint Memorandum of Understanding. Morocco has enormous potential for harnessing renewables, especially solar and wind energy. Given its close proximity to Europe and the existing electrical power lines, Morocco could be integrated into the European electricity market. In the long term, this kind of scenario would benefit both sides.

The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH is providing advice and support to PAREMA, one of Germany’s bilateral energy partnerships with energy producing, transit and consumer countries. In addition to their work in multilateral organisations and initiatives, these energy partnerships constitute a central instrument of the German Government's external energy policy strategy under the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi).

The German Government’s structured, target-oriented international energy policy enables it to showcase the objectives and phased rollout of Germany's transition to renewables; it also helps shape ground-breaking international energy policies, acquire new partners and identify and harness joint initiatives and scope for action. Cooperation with partner countries is strategically geared towards Germany's energy policy objectives, such as a secure power supply, climate and environmental protection and support for German companies and technologies engaged in foreign markets.  

Objective

Morocco builds up a sustainable energy supply using renewable energy sources and efficient energy technologies.

Approach

The German-Moroccan Energy Partnership (PAREMA) is the central platform for institutionalised energy policy dialogue between Germany and Morocco. It aims to assist Morocco in developing and rolling out a national energy policy capable of securing a sustainable supply of power. A key area of activity involves creating an enabling framework for an open, transparent and sustainable energy market.

The Energy Partnership focuses on the following areas of cooperation and issues: long-term energy strategies, support for close-to-market investment projects, research cooperation, low-carbon strategies, development cooperation and advice on deregulation as well as on the feed-in of photovoltaic (PV)-generated power into low-voltage and medium-voltage grids. In addition to representatives of private industry, the Energy Partnership is also open to stakeholders from the scientific community and civil society.

The partnership is coordinated by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) and the Moroccan Ministry of Energy, Mining and Sustainable Development (MEMDD). Other key actors on the German side include the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Federal Foreign Office. The main players in Morocco include the Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy (MASEN), the National Agency for Energy Efficiency (AMEE), the national electricity and water company ONEE (Office National de l’Electricité et de l’Eau Potable), the energy investment company SIE (Société d’Investissements Energétiques) and the Research Institute for Solar Energy and New Energies (IRESEN).

The steering committee is headed by government representatives and stakeholders from state-owned energy agencies. Working groups are focusing on topics such as development cooperation and low-carbon strategies through energy projects and on energy policy cooperation and support for investment and research projects.

With GIZ's support, a permanent Secretariat based in Rabat has been supporting the Energy Partnership since 2012, serving as an interface and information platform. It provides organisational, logistical, technical and strategic support for the preparation and implementation of committee meetings, workshops and study trips. Through its public relations work and its presence in specialist media, it enhances the visibility and concerns of the Energy Partnership. Moreover, the Secretariat engages in exchanges on energy policy with other energy partnerships.

Results

Regular steering committee and working group meetings have facilitated institutionalised policy dialogue between German and Moroccan decision-makers. Furthermore, the Secretariat of the German-Moroccan Energy Partnership was involved in talks by ministers from both countries that led to a Memorandum of Understanding on the further scope and design of joint initiatives. As part of this agreement, it was decided that the Secretariat would assist with the development of an Energy Vision 2050 for Morocco.

In cooperation with other GIZ projects, scenarios were mapped out for the installation of an energy supply system by 2050 that chiefly relies on renewable sources of energy. Initial results, particularly concerning a reduction in fossil fuel-based capacity expansion plans, have been incorporated into the discussions held by ONEE (network operator and power supplier), MASEN (solar power producer) and MEMDD (Energy Ministry) on increasing the power supply in the long term.

Several business talks on the conditions for investing in the Moroccan energy sector have taken place with key German and Moroccan players, thus giving private sector interests in renewables a voice in political dialogue. In addition, overarching market access and investment solutions can be developed directly with energy policy-makers in the partner country.

To promote Morocco's solar market, training will be provided to strengthen the capacity of the Moroccan Solar Industry Association (MSIA).

Extensive reporting in the Moroccan press on conferences with high-ranking political players, such as the UN Climate Change Conference in Marrakech (2016) and the Berlin Energy Transition Dialogue 2017, have enhanced the visibility of the issues and objectives enshrined in Germany's energy policy.