Integrated and Sustainable Urban Transport Systems for Smart Cities in India (SMART-SUT)

Project description

Title: Integrated and Sustainable Urban Transport Systems for Smart Cities in India (SMART-SUT)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Development and International Cooperation (BMZ)
Country: India
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
Overall term: 2017 to 2020


The continued economic growth in India goes hand in hand with an increasing degree of urbanisation. The economic rise of the growing urban population leads to changing consumption and mobility patterns, which are oriented towards those of the industrialised countries, for example private vehicle ownership. Since the beginning of the century, the number of private passenger cars and motorised two-wheelers has risen steadily by approximately 10 per cent per year, which means that their number has quadrupled since the year 2000, doubling every 7 years.

Indian cities are facing these changes and need to develop ecologically, economically and socially sustainable mobility systems. Ever since the adoption of the National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) in 2006, strengthening the local public transport has received priority. Nevertheless, the share of people using urban public transport is falling steadily. In medium-sized Indian cities the number has decreased from around 50 percent in mid-2007 to less than 40 percent in 2011. As local public transport in India is often neither convenient nor appealing to residents, motorised private transport receives increasing popularity, which has severe consequences for climate change, air pollution and traffic congestion. The Government of India is supporting measures and projects for sustainable urban transport in their Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation, their Smart Cities Mission and their Mass Rapid Transport (e.g. Metro) projects. Successful implementation can only be achieved if cities and States apply more systematic planning and technical expertise and enhance their institutional capacities. This will also help to improve the conditions of public transport.


Indian Smart Cities improve the planning processes and the implementation of sustainable and integrated urban transport systems and solutions.


The project works with the three Smart Cities of Bhubaneshwar, Coimbatore, and Kochi and their state governments to promote low carbon comprehensive mobility planning, and to plan and implement sustainable urban transport projects in the fields of public transport, non-motorised transport and modal integration. It supports the relevant urban transport agencies in setting up the required institutional structures and enhancing their own capacities for an efficient delivery of urban transport services.

At national level the project collaborates with the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India to achieve dissemination and upscaling of the experiences of the three partner cities across other Smart Cities through innovative formats of peer-learning and knowledge exchange.

Expected Results

  • The project aims to provide technical advice and support in planning and implementing non-motorised transport, public transport or modal integration in Smart Cities in India.
  • The project promotes tools and procedures for low carbon, comprehensive and integrated mobility planning to align individual transport projects with an overall vision and strategy for the cities.
  • The project advises partners on strategies and mechanisms for linking urban and spatial planning to urban transport, such as Transit-Oriented Development, facilitating cross-sectoral coordination and promote compact and resource-efficient Transit Oriented Development (TOD), Non-Motorised Transport (NMT), Land Value Capture
  • The project aims at building and improving institutional structures, such as Unified Metropolitan Transport Authorities, and technical as well as managerial capacities for integrating and efficiently delivering urban transport services.
  • The project aims at providing access to national and international best practices through peer-learning and collaboration with international networks and initiatives, such as Mobilise Your City and Transformative Urban Mobility Initiative (TUMI).