Skills Development for Youth Employment

Project description

Title: Skills Development for Youth Employment in Nigeria (SKYE) - Promoting Needs-based Technical and Vocational Education and Training and Youth Employment in Nigeria
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Nigeria
Lead executing agency: Federal Ministry of Budget and National Planning (FMBNP)
Overall term: 2018 to 2022


As a consequence of the long-standing focus on the capital-intensive mineral sector which generates comparatively few job opportunities, Nigeria has neglected employment-intensive sectors, such as construction and agriculture. It is estimated that over 133.4 million Nigerians are living below the absolute poverty line (1.90 US dollars per day). More than half of those living in extreme poverty are young people and either unemployed or underemployed.

Despite this fact, sectors such as agriculture and construction face the obstacle of not finding sufficient qualified personnel. A major reason for this lies in the poor quality of school curricula, insufficient teacher training and the equipment in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET). In the Global Competitiveness Index (2017/2018), Nigeria is listed among the 25 countries with the lowest ratings for quality education. Potentially lucrative value chains are restrained by the lack of a well-trained labour force.

Given the limited labour-market relevance of the TVET system, graduates of vocational training courses have few employment and income prospects. To help remedy this, the project aims at improving income generating employment opportunities for Nigerian youth and young adults whose shortage is a major cause of migration to European and other industrialised countries. Based on the integrated employment approach, the project will improve the employability of Nigerian youth and young adults in the construction and agriculture sectors, and in the occupational field of industrial mechanics. It will further provide information and advice on opportunities to enter the job market. The activities of the project are closely interlinked with the GIZ Programmes Pro-poor Growth and Employment Promotion in Nigeria (SEDIN) and the Programme for Migration and Development.


The prospects of income-generating employment for Nigerians aged between 15 and 35 have improved in selected sectors.


The project will be primarily directed at unemployed or underemployed young women and men. The project’s outreach will encompass 52,000 people. Beneficiaries will be young smallholders and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), skilled workers in the building and construction trade, agriculture, industrial mechanic as well as trainees in the formal sector.

This will be achieved in five output levels.

Output 1:

The Quality of TVET in the Construction sector is improved. This field of activity aims to raise the quality of government and non-governmental TVET in the construction industry. 

Output 2:

The competencies of Nigerian youth for productive employment in the agricultural sector are improved. Young Nigerians find productive employment in the agricultural sector, and along its value chains.

Output 3:

The environment for employment creation in the construction and agriculture value chains is improved.

Output 4:

Innovative approaches for employment promotion are implemented. This field of activity will be directed at improving the conditions for a TVET system that is relevant to the labour market, with a focus on advice and support for sector skills council.

Output 5:

Framework conditions for employment-oriented TVET are improved in the occupational field of industrial mechanics. The aim is to align TVET more closely with labour market needs. The programme cooperates with the Dangote Academy and the Young Talent Foundation for Mechanical Engineering course.