Supporting the technical and vocational education and training sector in Pakistan (Phase 2)
Title: Support to the Technical and Vocational Education and Training Sector in Pakistan (TVET-III)
Commissioned by: European Union in Pakistan, German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Royal Norwegian Embassy in Pakistan
Lead executing agency: National Vocational & Technical Training Commission (NAVTTC)
Overall term: 2017 to 2021
Energy, agriculture and human capital are some of the potentials in Pakistan that have not yet been sufficiently utilised due to a lack of the required skilled workforce. Only 27 per cent of youth complete secondary education and a very small percentage acquire the skills they need to make them employable. Around 1.8 million young people enter the job market every year. As of 2018, only about 433,000 places have been available in the formal Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system involving 3,740 institutes across Pakistan. In addition to this mismatch between demand and supply, the quality and relevance of the training provided does not meet the demands of the job market. The existing structures of formal TVET and the traditions in the informal sector for vocational training do not enable trainees to acquire the necessary qualifications for the labour market. Insufficient qualifications result in unemployment and underemployment, leading ultimately to poverty. The weakness of the TVET sector makes it difficult for employers from the private sector to find the skilled workforce they need. This limits the Pakistani economy’s ability to exploit its potential for economic growth.
The governance and private sector participation in Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) has improved, thus increasing access to quality skills development that meets the demands of the labour market.
To improve access to, as well as the quality, equity and relevance of TVET, the Government of Pakistan embarked upon a comprehensive reform in 2011 with the support of the European Union and the governments of Germany, the Netherlands and Norway. The first phase of the reform, which was based on the National Skills Strategy, ended in December 2016. During this period, a number of mile-stones were achieved. These include a national TVET Policy, the National Vocational Qualifications Framework and the introduction of Competency Based Training (CBT) and Assessment.
The second phase of the TVET Sector Support Programme (TVET SSP) was launched in January 2017 for a further five years. The programme is funded by the European Union, the Federal Republic of Germany and the Royal Norwegian Embassy. The overall objective of the programme is to improve governance and private sector participation in the TVET sector to increase the quality of skills development so that this can meet the demands of the labour market. The TVET SSP is being implemented across Pakistan in the following four intervention areas: Private Sector Engagement, Policy and Gov-ernance, Human Resource Development and Implementation of Reformed TVET.
Phase-II Results Achieved from January 2017 till December 2020
Private Sector Engagement
- Established four sector skills councils
- Established one national and four provincial skills forums
- Established employer-led Institute Management Committees in more than 340 TVET institutes
- Facilitated more than 1,400 agreements between provincial training institutes and private sector companies for on-the-job cooperative workplace-based training
Governance and Policy
- Enactment of the Apprenticeship Act 2018
- Developed the National Skills for All Strategy and curated the approval and implementation processes
- Developed regional plans in consensus with the stakeholders for subsequent implementation
- Developed 70 new qualifications for Competency Based Training & Assessment and implemented 39 of them
- Accredited of more than 340 TVET institutes
- Establishment of inter-provincial TVET ministers conference
Human Resource Development and Teacher Training
- Establishment of five centres of excellence underway for TVET teachers, practitioners and vocational students training
- Completed training of 48 Chief Masters, 110 Master Trainers, more than 3,200 teachers in TVET as well as more than 630 principals for public and private TVET institutes. Moreover, the training, assessment and certification of more than 1,300 CBT Assessors was completed.
- Issued national certificates to more than 18,700 skilled persons from the informal sector through the Recognition of Prior Learning Act
Implementation of Reformed TVET
Completed training, assessment and certification of more than 25,000 men and women through Competency Based Training & Assessment methodology using new qualifications
Last update: April 2021