Support to Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Reform in Pakistan II

Project description

Title: Support to the Technical and Vocational Education and Training Sector in Pakistan (phase 2)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Pakistan
Lead executing agency: National Vocational & Technical Training Commission (NAVTTC)
Overall term: 2017 to 2021


Energy, agriculture and human capital are among Pakistan's potentials which have not yet been sufficiently tapped due to the lack of a qualified and skilled workforce, despite the fact that the youth comprises more than 60 per cent of Pakistan’s total population of 180 million. The existing structures of formal TVET and the traditions in the informal sector for vocational training do not enable trainees to acquire qualifications that meet the demands of the labour market. Young women find it especially difficult to access TVET programmes, to gain employable skills and seek employment on the formal labour market. One direct result of insufficient qualifications is unemployment and underemployment, leading ultimately to poverty. The weakness of the TVET sector creates issues in finding an adequately skilled workforce in the private sector and does not allow the Pakistani economy to exploit its potential for economic growth.


The governance and private sector participation in Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is improved so that access to quality skill development that meets the demands of the labour market is increased.


To improve access, quality, equity and relevance of TVET, the Government of Pakistan has embarked upon a comprehensive reform in 2011 with the support of the European Union and the governments of Germany, the Netherlands and Norway. The first phase of the reform, which is based on the National Skills Strategy (NSS), concluded in December 2016. During this period, several milestones were achieved such as the National TVET Policy, National Vocational Qualifications Framework (NVQF) and the introduction of Competency Based Training & Assessment (CBT&A).

The second phase of the TVET Sector Support Programme (TVET SSP) was launched in January 2017 for another five years. This programme phase is supported by the European Union, the Federal Republic of Germany and the Royal Norwegian Embassy.

TVET SSP is being implemented across Pakistan including Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Gilgit Baltistan through the following four intervention areas: 

Private Sector Engagement:

  • Establishment of Sector Skills Councils
  • Strengthening of employer-led Institute Management Committees
  • Promoting of systematic dialogue between the public and private sector
  • Increasing the private sector's participation in TVET related decision-making bodies at federal and provincial/regional levels

Policy and Governance:

  • Implementation of the National TVET Policy at the federal and provincial/regional levels
  • Quality assurance & management
  • Accreditation of TVET institutes

Human Resource Development and Competency Based Training and Assessment:

  • Development of new demand-driven national qualifications on the CBT&A approach
  • Setting up Centres of Excellence
  • Training of the teachers, assessors and principals of public and private TVET institutes
  • Issuance of national certificates to skilled persons from the informal sector through RPL

Implementation of reformed TVET:

  • implementation of new demand-driven national qualifications on CBT&A approach
  • Provision of demand-oriented vocational training to youth in Sindh and Baluchistan through a special training fund
  • Promotion of on-the-job or work based vocational training to youth
  • Facilitation of agreements between training providers and enterprises for training delivery


Results Achieved (2011-2016)

  • Policy formulation—Governance
    • First-ever National TVET Policy launched
    • HRD policy for TVET teachers developed
    • Revised Apprenticeship bill 2015 drafted
  • Implementation of National Skills Strategy initiated
    • National Vocational Qualification Framework (NVQF)
    • First-ever NVQF launched
    • Implementation of NVQF initiated with the launching of Competency Based Training (CBT)
    • 60 trades piloted in 142 TVET institutes with 20,000 completers
  • TVET Teacher Training (in-service/pre-service)
    • 8,500 TVET teachers in pedagogy skills trained
    • 18 e-learning centres for in-service teachers training established
    • First-ever pre-service teacher training programme launched jointly by Pakistani and German Universities
  • Fund for Innovative Training (FIT)
    • 125,000 women and men benefited from 36 short-term vocational training projects
    • Two Learning Regions established in Frontier Region Peshawar and Swat, benefiting 1,800 women and men
  • Accreditation of TVET Institutes/Programmes
    • 1,127 TVET programmes/ institutes accredited
    • First-ever accreditation council notified
  • Cooperative Training and Green Skills
    • Cooperative Vocational Training piloted in Lahore and Karachi with 10 institutes, 143 national and multinational companies engaged
    • 886 men and women received vocational training in 10 CVT courses
  • Capacity Building for TEVTAs
    • ISO certification awarded to Punjab, Sindh and AJK TEVTAs
    • Human resource development plans for all the TEVTAs developed
    • 880 senior and mid-career managers of TEVTAs received training on management
  • Vocational Counselling and Job Placement
    • 102 VC&JP centres established
    • 247 VC&JP Officers trained
    • 31 VC&JP Officers received international certification
  • National Skills Information System
    • First-ever National Skills Information System established
    • Data of over 70,000 employers & 700,000 skilled workers uploaded


Further Information