Proklima's activities by region:
In the course of climate change there is a rising demand for air conditioning and refrigeration in the tropics and subtropics. In many developing countries, refrigeration and air conditioning are a prerequisite for supplying food and medication to a growing population. Without connection to the electricity grid the reliable storage of vaccines, medicine and food cannot be guaranteed in remote areas. According to estimates of the world health organisation (WHO), in tropical countries as much as 50% of all edible produce goes to waste due to lack of proper storage and refrigeration. Cold storage of vaccines is particularly important in many African countries due to high infection rates with HIV/AIDS or malaria.
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In warm countries, air conditioning and refrigeration are prerequisites for the development of a competitive industry. Without air conditioning, the growing industrial nations of south-east Asia, for example, cannot cope with their growth rates. The need for air conditioning in industrial production and in the service sector is continually growing. As people are more productive when working in buildings with a comfortable room temperature, air conditioning plays a critical role in achieving economic success. In order to provide a comfortable room temperature buildings should be properly isolated. However, the insulation of buildings can have hidden dangers in itself. Most foam insulations emit huge amounts of climate-damaging hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) although climate-friendly alternatives are available. Besides, many office, school and apartment blocks are built as cheaply as possible with the result that their inhabitants or users have to fall back on the air conditioning. This however, gives rise to problems such as high energy costs and overloading of energy suppliers. The waste heat from air conditioning systems leads to increased temperatures in metropolitan areas. Inappropriate installation and maintenance of the air conditioner leads to emissions of climate-damaging refrigerants (HCFCs).
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Around 90% of the households in Latin America have a refrigerator. Like air conditioning, refrigerators stand as a symbol for a modern standard of living. However, most refrigerators are out of date and contain ozone-depleting CFCs. Up to 80% of the energy consumption in a household is caused by inefficient refrigerators leading to the ruin of families with small income. Although climate-friendly alternatives are available in the form of natural refrigerants such as ammonia, CO2 or hydrocarbons, they are not widely deployed in Latin America. On the one hand, technologies based on natural refrigerants are not yet well-known. On the other hand, Latin American industries focus mainly on the use of climate-damaging F-gases. The use of natural refrigerants has hardly been promoted.
Latin America and Caribbean
Proklima supports the Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia (ECA network) with capacity building and technology support. Ten years ago, within the beginning of the ECA network, GIZ Proklima has supported Croatia with a halon phase-out program. The outcome was the creation of a Fire Protection Association, new and revised technical standards and information and trained engineers, who are able to support and train national fire protection companies. Today GIZ Proklima supports Azerbaijan to develop sectorial mitigation strategies, so called Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). Azerbaijan prepares for new technology options in the foam sector.
Energy-efficient, ozone- and climate-friendly “green cooling” is urgently needed worldwide. The demand for environmentally friendly refrigerators, freezers, air conditioning and insulated “green” buildings is rising. In order to make the equipment more climate-friendly, ozone- and climate-damaging, fluorinated gases (CFCs, HCFCs, HFCs) need to be substituted by climate-friendly, natural refrigerants and foam-blowing agents.
Proklima supports countries with their annual reporting on emissions by setting up inventories. Based on this data mitigation scenarios are developed. These mitigation scenarios are the basis for the development of sector strategies and possible financing within the international climate regime.
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On behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH with its programme Proklima supports partner countries in meeting their requirement to phase-out ozone-damaging fluorinated greenhouse gas (CFC, HCFC, HFC) emissions. In the course of the International Climate Initiative (ICI) of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety Proklima implements demonstration projects in the cooling and foam blowing sector.
Phone: +49 6196 79-1968
Fax: +49 6196 7980-1968
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