Greening transport infrastructure in Indonesia

14.11.2016 – This Southeast Asian Republic is expanding public transport systems in cities like Bogor and installing new pavements in a bid to reduce the volume of traffic.

By 2025, it is estimated that some 68 per cent of Indonesia's population will live in cities – that's equivalent to an average annual increase of 4.1 per cent. However, the infrastructure in these conurbations cannot keep pace with this rapid growth. Buses are overfull and run irregularly and there are hardly any paved paths. The upshot: those that can, use their own car or a moped. This not only leads to gridlock and high CO2 emissions but also to a large number of accidents.

The Indonesian Government is out to change this and is therefore developing strategies to green its transport system. On behalf of Germany's Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH is assisting Indonesia to expand its public transport systems. To date, this has resulted in a regulated municipal bus service in some 23 Indonesian cities. GIZ is advising the Ministries of Transport and Planning in particular regarding the efficient implementation of corresponding projects and meaningful cooperation with local administrations.

In selected cities, GIZ is also providing direct support to local administrations to help them roll out transport-policy measures – whereby plans often have to be adapted to local conditions. In the historical and popular tourist city of Bogor, for example, new pavements have been installed in the inner city that link up with the central station. Furthermore, a new station is being planned on the outskirts of Bogor which should make it easier for visitors to come to the city by rail and then set off from there on foot to do their sightseeing. The project's success is measurable: an average of 656 pedestrians are counted on weekdays and even 1,060 on weekends – in comparison with just 66 pedestrians before the sidewalks were built. In 2016 almost four per cent more people in Bogor have taken the bus than was the case two years ago.