Promoting India’s transformation to sustainable and climate-friendly e-Mobility

Project description

Title: Promotion of the Transformation to Sustainable and Climate-Friendly E-Mobility
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: India
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Heavy Industries (MoHI), Department of Heavy Industry (DHI)
Overall term: 2021 to 2025


The Government of India is seeking to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels: To this end, it is adopting several measures that specifically address the transport sector. This includes promoting hybrid and electric vehicles. The Indian Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) have set a cross-disciplinary decarbonisation target of a 33-35 per cent emissions reduction by 2030.

Transforming urban mobility to accommodate electric vehicles poses several challenges. Before introducing electric buses, city authorities must acquire the necessary data for project preparation and mobilise sufficient resources to finance buses and associated infrastructure. In addition to this, electricity grids need to be adjusted to cope with the increasing demand. To make climate mitigation efforts successful, cities need to ensure that the rising demand for electricity can be met by renewable energies. Coordinating the complex network within the transport and energy sectors adds more challenges for the human and institutional capacities of local authorities.


The transformation to sustainable and climate-friendly e-Mobility is promoted by coupling transport and energy sectors.


GIZ and Ministry of Heavy Industries (MoHI) are jointly implementing the e-Mobility project to drive forward the transition to climate-friendly electric mobility in India. Adopting an approach with national and local stakeholders promotes horizontal and vertical cooperation processes, enhances implementing structures and bolsters strategic skills. Specific activities include:

  • Creating a conducive framework for transitioning to e-Mobility
  • Systematic application of selected e-Mobility concepts in partner cities
  • Strategies for supplying renewable energies to electric vehicles
  • Upscaling pilot activities to other cities and disseminating knowledge through joint-learning formats

Last update: Februar 2022