Contribution to the environmental objectives of Peru
Title: Contribution to the environmental objectives of Peru (ProAmbiente)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Agencia Peruana de Cooperación Internacional (APCI)
Overall term: 2014 to 2017
Peru has been experiencing significant economic growth for more than a decade. However, not all population groups and regions are benefiting equally from the associated rise in prosperity. At the same time, Peru’s environmental problems are mounting. In many places, unsustainable and resource-intensive production methods are leading to the degradation of ecosystems. Forests are suffering in particular from overexploitation. Climate change is compounding the impacts.
Peru has thus set ambitious goals for the protection and sustainable use of natural resources. Above all, the political, institutional and legal frameworks and implementation capacities must be strengthened in order to meet these goals.
Selected Peruvian goals for the sustainable use of ecosystems, the conservation of biodiversity, the reduction in greenhouse gases and the adaptation to climate change are achieved.
The programme primarily sets out to strengthen the steering and implementation capacities of the environmental and forest management systems, and supports more effective cooperation between national and subnational governmental and non-governmental institutions. To this end, it advises the Ministry of Environment and its subordinate authorities responsible for environmental permits, environmental monitoring and the management of protected areas as well as the Ministry of Agriculture and its subordinate forest authority. The programme also works with the Ministry of Economy and Finance, the National Council for Science and Technology and the Ministry of Production. It operates mainly in the regions of Ucayali, Amazonas and San Martin.
Certain programme measures are implemented with support from the consulting firm GITEC. To improve environmental management, the programme collaborates closely with Germany’s UVP-Gesellschaft, a knowledge platform for environmental precautions. The Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs is cofinancing a partnership on biotrade. To strengthen legal and sustainable forestry activities, the programme is working with the Dutch SustainableTrade Initiative (IDH) and with the German Import Promotion Desk (IPD) through cofinancing.
The conditions for efficient environmental management have been improved. To this end, the programme supported the Ministry of Environment as it developed national planning instruments, such as the 2015-16 National Environmental Action Agenda, the National Climate Change Strategy and the National Forest and Climate Change Strategy.
The first OECD environmental performance review in mid-2016 made recommendations for ways that Peru can further improve its environmental management. The programme assisted with this review.
The new environmental permit agency has been in a position to approve large-scale environmental impact assessments since January 2015. Actors in the environmental management system have clarified roles, standardised and simplified environmental permit and monitoring procedures and regulated procedures for involving civil society.
The new forestry authority offers the institutional conditions for more efficient forest management and thus for better and sustainable use of ecosystems. A new forestry law has taken effect with the adoption of relevant implementing provisions and the conducting of a consultation process involving indigenous communities.
Public investments in conserving biodiversity have risen by 20 per cent in three regions. Guidelines for mobilising financial resources facilitated this increase. Peru has access to additional international funding thanks to its accreditation with the United Nations Green Climate Fund. The agricultural bank’s new lines of credit for forest plantations and agroforestry systems offer incentives for private investors. Entrepreneurs can also apply for funding for biodiversity-friendly business ideas.
Research programmes, networks and research and innovation clusters foster innovations in the sustainable use of biological diversity, especially for timber, native cocoa, sacha inchi nuts and medicinal plants.
The Gran Pajatén biosphere reserve was set up to improve the conservation of biological diversity and was recognised by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2015. The nature reserve authority is in the process of gradually bridging a gap in financing. Self-financing by the national conservation area system has thus increased by almost one third since 2014.