An aerial image of a rocky, spiral-shaped opening in the ground.

Promoting responsible extraction of raw materials

Extractives and Development III Sector Programme

+ Show all
  • Commissioning Party

    German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

  • Country
  • Lead executing agency


  • Overall term

    2015 to 2024

  • Products and expertise

    Governance and democracy


The mining industry is crucial for the economies of many resource-rich countries in the Global South and for implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In view of the growing global demand for raw materials for the energy and mobility transition, it is important to consider how mineral supply chains can be organised responsibly in line with social, governance and environmental standards. For the mining industry to be able to contribute to sustainable development, earnings must also benefit the local population – through better job opportunities, tax payments and decent wages. At the same time, mining needs to be socially responsible and climate neutral in line with the just transition model.

An aerial image of muddy terrain amid a green landscape.© Photo: GIZ


The solutions for the mining industry developed by German development cooperation are shaping international policy dialogue more and more.


Together with the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), the programme advises the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) on responsible raw material supply chains. It operates in three areas:

  • Resource governance: A resource-rich country needs good governance in order to benefit from raw materials extraction. The programme cooperates with the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative and the Natural Resource Governance Institute to increase transparency.
  • Social responsibility: Human rights-based and in line with feminist development policy, the programme covers small-scale mining, corporate due diligence, standards, grievance mechanisms, child labour and gender equality. It works with CSR Europe, European Partnership for Responsible Minerals, Global Battery Allianceand Women's Rights and Mining.
  • Environmental and climate protection: The aim is to minimise ecological footprints along the raw material supply chain. The Climate Smart Mining Initiative was therefore developed together with the World Bank to promote climate-friendly mining.

Last update: February 2024

Additional information