Promoting renewable energies
Title: Energy Sector Improvement Programme (ESIP)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW)
Overall term: 2018 to 2019
Mains electricity is still a rarity in Afghanistan. Only one third of the population has access to electrical power. Technical advances, political reforms, and significant public and private investment are needed to improve the energy supply. Among other things, it will require a secure legal framework for private investments and private plant operators.
The general population, companies and public institutions have access to electricity produced in an environmentally sound and climate-friendly way. Afghan institutions and professionals are trained so that they can create the basic conditions for a reliable power supply. Particular emphasis is placed on putting existing micro-hydropower plants back into full operation, expanding them and strengthening the local economy through the productive use of energy.
The project encourages public institutions and the private sector to reconcile their interests. To this end, institutional conditions are being refined, pilot measures implemented and the organisational capabilities of renewable energy plants developed. Various training programmes are being planned for the Afghan electricity provider, local universities and businesses in support of this. The project is also setting up rural energy supply systems using micro-hydropower and solar power in two provinces in northern Afghanistan.