Centres of excellence for vocational education

Project description

Title: Reforming technical and vocational education and training in Viet Nam – activity area: ‘LILAMA 2 centre of excellence’
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) 
Country: Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA)
Overall term: 2010 to 2014 (2017)


Viet Nam is aiming to become an industrialised country by 2020, while following a path of ‘green’ growth. Vocational education is central to this aspiration, for the demand for skilled workers is increasing steadily as the economy continues to grow, new technical challenges emerge and the country pursues regional and international competitiveness. Although about 1.4 million people enter the labour market each year, there is a shortage of skilled workers and technicians with practical training. Only about 27% of workers currently have training that is relevant to the jobs they do, while just 15% have completed formal vocational training.

The Government of Viet Nam has therefore put vocational skills training and employment promotion at the heart of its development goals. By 2020, the proportion of trained workers should have risen to 55% from its current 30%. At the same time, vocational training should become more closely oriented to the needs of a green economy.


The centre of excellence LILAMA 2 is capable of offering needs-driven vocational education and training and further training in line with international standards.


This component of the programme ‘Reforming technical and vocational education and training in Viet Nam’ promotes the development of a network of centres of excellence for vocational education. In particular, it is supporting the ongoing development of the vocational college LILAMA 2 as a centre of excellence. As such, the programme is preparing the ground for a range of practical, high quality training courses that are in line with international standards. These will be aimed at occupations in sectors with particularly high growth potential, for example industrial mechanics, metalwork (with focus on machining and CNC), mechatronics and industrial electronics and electro-technology.

The project is supporting the introduction of these courses in the partner institution by offering further training courses for the teaching and management staff, and by advising the managers on a suitable approach deciding which subjects are taught at the centre of excellence. Furthermore, the centre is intended to offer practical further training for teaching staff in specific subjects. The project also focuses on intensifying cooperation with the private sector.

In cooperation with KfW Development Bank, theproject is procuring equipment for the new training courses It is also working in close coordination with the French Agency for Development (AFD), which is supporting LILAMA 2 with its courses in the fields of welding and telecommunications.

In the future, the programme is to support a further centre of excellence for ‘green’ vocational training. Preparatory measures for this include the transfer of international experiences in green skills, green colleges and green jobs. This is achieved through training courses for experts and managers from the executing agencies, the General Department of Vocational Training (GDVT) and the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA).

Results achieved so far

Through the training measures provided to date, the managers and teaching staff of the LILAMA College have extended their subject-related teaching skills in metalwork and electro-technology, as well as in specific areas of expertise such as quality management, HR development, workplace safety, and repairs and maintenance. A workshop management concept known as 5S, which addresses safety, orderliness and cleanliness in the workplace, has been piloted in the metal machining workshops. The training workshops for electro-technology are being redesigned to accommodate practical training that is of greater relevance to industry.

In the area of activity system reform and policy advice, the school management team is consistently included in the advisory services related to demand-oriented vocational training. Among other things, this includes the question of cooperating with the private sector, and the development of a concept for the vocational education centres of excellence.