Vocational education and training (VET) programme
Title: Vocational education and training (VET) programme, Albania
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Albanian Ministry of Social Welfare and Youth
Overall term: 2010 to 2017
One of the major challenges facing the Albanian economy is how to provide better training for its workforce. This is essential if the Albanian economy is to develop and modernise. The VET system is not sufficiently geared to the labour market and thus fails to meet its needs. The technical secondary schools, which form part of the VET system, focus on the final school leaving certificate and neglect the area of practical training. There is very little cooperation between schools and the business sector. Owing to the dearth of specific training opportunities in rural regions, and for youths and young adults in migrant influx areas, these individuals are often inadequately equipped to find work and earn an income.
Young people and adults – both male and female – are able to assert themselves in the domestic, regional and European labour market.
The programme is adopting an integrated approach to improving the quality of VET, continuing professional development and career counselling.
Nationwide reform of VET. GIZ is advising the Albanian Ministry of Social Welfare and Youth on carrying out the necessary reforms to the system.
Labour market information system. The programme worked with the Albanian partners to develop a coherent labour market information system. Selected instruments designed to collect, distribute and make use of labour market data have been developed and put into operation. This will help to ensure that the vocational education and training offered corresponds better with the demand in the labour market.
Model of a modern VET provider. With the support of GIZ, the largest vocational school in the country is being converted into a multifunctional VET centre.
VET in north-eastern Albania. By the end of 2013, the programme had supported six selected vocational schools in four urban and rural areas in the north east of the country and devised strategies for the development of schools in disadvantaged regions that can be applied across the country.
The following results have been achieved so far:
- In 2014, the Ministry of Social Welfare and Youth, GIZ and the European Training Foundation carried out a baseline survey of all public VET providers in Albania. This study provides the strategic basis for continuing the restructuring of the network of Albanian VET providers. Also in 2014, GIZ advised the Ministry in connection with amendments to the VET law. By helping to develop selected curricula, support is being given to the establishment of the national qualifications framework. This instrument is to classify all qualifications that can be obtained in the Albanian education system and make them more easily comparable with qualifications at the European level.
The Kamza Multifunctional VET Centre was awarded pilot status by government decree in September 2013. It has since become recognised as a new type of labour market-oriented VET provider. One of the strategic objectives of the National Employment and VET Strategy 2014-2020, which was adopted at the end of 2014, is to convert more vocational schools into Multifunctional VET Centres.
- The VET boards that were piloted as part of the programme have since become compulsory for vocational schools and have been incorporated into the VET law. The model of combined basic training that is tailored for rural areas with a weak labour market is now being put into practice in schools in north-eastern Albania.
- In 2012, the Ministry of Labour approved the concept for a labour market information system that had been developed as part of a participatory process. In collaboration with the ILO-EU-IPA 2010 Project on HRD, a tracer study instrument was designed and tested in various VET facilities. Relevant software was made available. Around 170 representatives of all the regional and local labour offices were trained on labour market programmes and use of data.
- So far, more than 50 instructors have undergone further in-service teacher training as well as continuing training in technical subjects. This has led to a demonstrable improvement in the quality of teaching. The curricula for training in textiles, office management, electrical engineering, tailoring, carpentry and automation technology have been revised or developed from scratch. Revision of the curricula for care professions and IT is nearing completion. The first courses for advanced-level target groups have begun at the Kamza Multifunctional VET Centre. Courses are being offered for companies in the modern electronics laboratory, which was equipped with the support of GIZ.
- Cooperation activities with relevant German partners have been initiated at political, institutional and school levels. One of the outcomes has been the Erasmus+ project, which is launching a dual training system approach in the hotel and catering industry. This is being carried out jointly by the National Agency of Vocational Education and Training and Qualifications, Albania, and the Hamburg Institute for Vocational Education and Training (HIBB).