Energy efficiency advice
Title: Energy efficiency advice
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations (MoFTER)
Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
Overall term: 2010 to 2016
Although Bosnia and Herzegovina has large energy resources and is one of the few countries in the Balkans that exports electricity, its energy supply is not sustainable. Electricity consumption is rising because it is used inefficiently, and using wood and coal as fuel causes air pollution.
To change this situation, a political framework and appropriate guidelines and incentives are needed, as well as knowledge and practical experience at national and municipal levels. There is little networking or cooperation among stakeholders, which means that there has been no national energy strategy in place until now. Across the country the potential for using energy more efficiently has been insufficiently exploited at local level. At the same time, municipalities are strong advocates of energy efficiency as it helps to protect the environment while at the same time reducing pressure on their tight local budgets.
The role that municipalities play in implementing energy efficiency measures is strengthened.
The lead executing agency is the Sarajevo-based National Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations (MoFTER). Important implementing partners include selected municipalities, municipal associations, the energy and building ministries from the country’s two entities, and relevant energy institutions such as universities.
The project aims to provide advisory and training services for the municipalities and ministries, as well as encourage structural measures to establish and operate a local energy management system. This includes, for example, improving the interdepartmental collaboration between the working groups affected, e.g. water supply, building management or street lighting, in the municipal administrations.
The advisory services enable the municipalities to use relevant data collection, analysis and planning instruments to identify potential ways to increase energy efficiency and plan and implement the respective measures. The project provides the municipal associations and other energy institutions and networks with support for a systematic analysis of results and experience with energy management and helps distribute and deploy instruments. The ministries are given advice on how to draft and implement laws and regulations related to energy.
The project creates platforms for dialogue between political decision-makers and energy experts, making it possible for other municipalities to use and incorporate the lessons learned in proposals that, when implemented, will create the economic, legal and technical conditions needed to increase energy efficiency at local level.
The consulting firm GFA supports the implementation of the project.
Results achieved so far
- Many stakeholders - including, for example, representatives from the municipal associations and the municipalities themselves - are now clearly more knowledgeable and capable when it comes to planning and implementing measures designed to increase energy efficiency.
- The pilot municipalities supported by the project have introduced action plans for sustainable energy use (Sustainable Energy Action Plans, SEAPs). These have already shown the first signs of success in reducing CO2 emissions, for example.
- The mayors of some municipalities are now meeting regularly to exchange experience with energy efficiency measures, discussing how to introduce them at a technical level and how to give them political and financial support.