Peace development, youth promotion and fight against corruption – Peace Fund
Project title: Peace development, youth promotion and fight against corruption – Peace Fund
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: State Secretariat for Youth and Sports (SSYS)
Overall term: 2014 to 2017
Timor-Leste is a post-conflict country with one of the youngest populations in the world. High levels of youth unemployment, the lack of job opportunities, and insufficient education options in both the formal and informal sectors leave young people with little prospect of social advancement. Encounters with violence in the public and private spheres increase their tolerance of violence and suggest that violence is a solution when dealing with conflicts and frustration. The institutional structures for youth work are not well established or connected and have difficulty reaching young people in rural areas. Furthermore, there are too few training options for those involved in youth promotion. Not many programmes are available that support non-violent conflict resolution.
Measures initiated by qualified institutions for empowering young people enable them to manage conflict in a non-violent manner.
The project works with the State Secretariat for Youth and Sports and with civil society players and organisations to develop the capacity of state and non-state partners working with young people, especially in the field of non-violent conflict resolution. A national training programme provides state and non-state youth workers with training in conflict-sensitive and gender-sensitive youth work and in planning and implementing youth projects. The project concept and initial training courses are supplied by the consulting firm AMBERO-IP.
Actors in youth work in Dili and in the districts of Ermera, Aileu and Manatuto are being networked. They work together to identify young people’s needs and to develop suitable support measures, which they implement in their networks. In cooperation with the political partner, the experience and results of this work are evaluated and then used to expand the activities.
Following on from the previous project, the Peace Fund continues to promote ten local initiatives and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) every year. They receive financial support and advice from the project team, enabling them to realise their planned youth and peace-building measures independently.
At the same time, know-how is transferred from the Peace Fund (currently managed by GIZ) to state youth promotion mechanisms. A CIM expert advises the State Secretariat for Youth and Sports on important youth-related topics and on encouraging young Timorese to participate in political decision-making processes. Another CIM expert supports organisational development and the elaboration of policies and standards in the Anti-Corruption Commission and helps establish corruption prevention in youth work.
A curriculum has been developed for the in-service national training programme, and 47 state and non-state youth workers from four different districts have successfully completed the pilot phase of the modular training. The training seminars are also open to a broader public at various locations, for example in youth camps and schools.
Youth networks have initially been established in three districts. The needs identified during dialogues between young people and representatives of the State Secretariat for Youth and Sports have been discussed at presentations and exhibitions. On this basis, initiatives have been developed together with the project and are being supported and coordinated by the relevant youth centres.
The project has provided advice on the elaboration of the National Youth Policy, which is based on the principles of the universal conventions on human rights and the rights of the child. Important new developments include greater political participation by young people and the coordination of youth-related topics with additional key ministries under the aegis of the State Secretariat for Youth and Sports. Marginalised young people living in rural areas are to receive intensive support, and decentralised youth structures are to be strengthened. The National Youth Policy was adopted by the Council of Ministers on 2 February 2016.
A strategy for the further development of the Anti-Corruption Commission has been prepared with input from the CIM expert. The Council of Ministers has approved its main components, such as a new organisation chart and the formalisation of positions and career paths.
The first ten NGOs supported by the Peace Fund have finished their activities on disseminating non-violent conflict management, on gender equality and on promoting human rights and children’s rights. Experience is currently being collated, discussed with the NGOs and made available to the general public in Timor-Leste. The project has been supporting another ten initiatives and NGOs since early 2016.