Global Climate Change Alliance Programme Timor-Leste (GCCA-TL)
Title: Global Climate Change Alliance Programme Timor-Leste (GCCA-TL)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), co-financed by the European Union
Lead executing agency: Ministry for Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF)
Overall term: 2013 to 2018
A high exposure to the effects of climate change, a lack of awareness for the potential impacts of climate change, as well as limited capacities to respond to these problems due to the scarce financial and human resources have recently posed threats to the island of Timor-Leste. Since the population is highly dependent on subsistence farming, vulnerability to climate change induced risks is high. Unsustainable practices in the management of natural resources is causing issues like erosion, soil degradation and decreasing ground water levels, which exacerbates the situation.
Communities in postos administrativos that are particularly vulnerable to the risks of climate change use natural resources more sustainably. This improves the conditions of their every-day lives and leaves them less exposed to the effects of climate change.
The Global Climate Change Alliance Programme Timor (GCCA-TL) is linked to the regional “Coping with Climate Change in the Pacific Island Region”-Programme. GCCA-TL demonstrates together with the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF) suitable climate change adaptation practices, following an integrated watershed management approach. The programme mobilises communities in a participatory, inclusive and conflict-sensitive manner. While creating awareness for potential risks and sharing reliable climate change information with decision-makers, the programme supports the mainstreaming of adaptation to climate change into local planning. Furthermore, the programme supports forest, water and soil conservation activities, particularly in the uplands.
The implementation follows demand driven approaches, harmonised with other donor support in the sector and aligned with the national priorities. The interventions in the field will address the findings of the vulnerability assessments and will be aligned with the list of priorities identified by the communities. Capacity development for the public sector at national and local levels, for local NGOs and farmers is a key part of GCCA. Extension techniques such as a farmer’s field day or cross visits, together with awareness raising and participatory identification interventions, natural resource-based planning, watershed management principles, grouping activities and inclusive (gender sensitive) approaches are the main methods to achieve the goal.
A functional, nationwide and fully operational agro-meteorological system to collect, storage and share information to different kind of users is in place. Government staff from the national and local levels have capacities to translate and transfer climate information to farmers in an effective and simple way. Vulnerability assessments and local action plans in all 21 sucos that are part of the Seical watershed were conducted, awareness was raised and local capacities were improved as part of the process. Good practices for mitigation and adaptation have been demonstrated and promoted, reaching all 21 sucos where at least one action has been implemented. An independent agroforestry nursery network of 17 functional nurseries and with capacity to produce more than 500.000 trees per year has been implemented, currently some of them will supply trees to other clients. Eight new climate sensitive livelihood activities were promoted and adopted by farmers (i.e. establishment of agroforestry nurseries, commercial Dragon Fruit plantations, improvement of agroforestry systems with high value-wood trees, improvement of household health with efficient and clean clay cooking stoves). More than 500,000 trees (forestry, industrial and fruit species) were distributed and planted, with survival rates of more than 60 per cent. 35 per cent of participants in the project are women. Contribution to the development of public policies in the areas of climate change and watershed management. Improving in capacities of the MAF to provide services in the area of geographic information systems, forestry, climate and agricultural extension.