Peace and Stability in Mali
Title: Project to support stabilisation and peace in Mali
Commissioned by: German Federal Foreign Office
Lead executing agency: Ministry of National Reconciliation
Overall term: 2016 to 2022
Mali is one of the world’s poorest countries. The country has been unstable since the political crisis in 2012. The ongoing insecurity and the fourth coup in 2020 have robbed the population in north and central Mali of their livelihoods. Some of the education and social care systems are at a standstill. Existing intrasocietal lines of conflict are being exacerbated in some areas, and the number of internally displaced people is growing every day. In 2015 the Malian Government, pro-government armed groups and the coalition of militant groups signed a peace agreement intended to lay the groundwork for reconciliation, stability and peace. However, implementation of the peace agreement as well as important institutional reforms are progressing slowly.
The state decision-makers in the peace process now have to implement the peace agreement, pay attention to the needs of the people and negotiate in case of conflicts. Their tasks also include advancing the truth and reconciliation process and making a peace dividend visible to the population. However, their human and financial resources, and their organisational and coordination capacities, are severely limited.
The decision-makers of the Malian peace architecture lay the groundwork for successful conflict transformation.
The project stabilises the northern regions and promotes peaceful coexistence:
The stabilisation activities are varied and implemented in various ways. On the one hand, the project aids the Ministry of National Reconciliation in implementation of the peace agreement by supporting regions and communities in the development of decentralised structures for overcoming conflicts. These intervene when conflicts arise and strive to achieve a peaceful resolution.
Additional stabilisation is achieved through small-scale projects by creating basic infrastructure and supporting business ideas. These measures stabilise the situation in a community and improve living conditions. The communities select the projects through a citizens’ dialogue, which also ensures implementation and further monitoring. Through the dialogues, the communities talk about their situation and needs, and work on solutions from a common point of view.
The project supports the communities in coming to terms with the past and develops reconciliation measures:
Furthermore, it supports the Malian Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission in the investigation of serious human rights violations, analysis of the causes of recurrent conflicts, and the presentation of recommendations for lasting intrasocietal reconciliation. In particular, the project supports framing a reparations policy, holding public hearings, remembrance work and editing the commission's final report.
The project works in consultation with national and international decision-makers such as the Bundeswehr (German armed forces) contingent of the UN peacekeeping force (MINUSMA) and other bilateral and multilateral donors.
- 73 microprojects have been implemented in the northern regions. They improve the living conditions of around 480,500 people.
- 64 dialogue measures for crisis prevention have been implemented throughout Mali, and to date around 9,723 people have actively used them.
- About 20,000 witness statements have been documented by the Truth Commission so far.
- The project has supported the Malian Truth Commission in the development of a participatory process for a reparations policy.
As at: January 2021