- SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
- GOVERNANCE AND DEMOCRACY
- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has been working in the Republic of Moldova on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and other German Government ministries since 1994.
Since 2014, the company’s country office has been based in the capital, Chisinau. GIZ, a German federal enterprise, works locally with some 65 national and more than 10 international staff members.
Moldova is one of Europe’s poorest countries. Around 3.5 million people live in the landlocked South-East European nation, over half of them in rural regions. The living conditions of the urban population are very different from those of the rural population. While Chisinau has all the amenities of a major European city, some villages still lack water and energy supplies.
Almost one million Moldovans have left the country in search of a better quality of life. Remittances from Moldovans working abroad account for approximately 20 per cent of the gross national product.
The political situation in Moldova remains tense. The breakaway of the region of Transnistria in the east of the country contributes to instability in the nation. In addition, corruption is widespread in the public and private sectors.
July 2017 saw the entry into force of the Association Agreement between the European Union (EU) and Moldova, which went hand in hand with the signing of a free trade agreement. The EU is now the country’s largest trading partner. The Moldovan Government has also adopted a reform programme designed to bring national legislation more closely into line with EU standards. A number of reforms have already been introduced.
GIZ is assisting Moldova with developing its economic and democratic structures. Priority is given to the following areas:
- Sustainable economic development
- Good governance
In order to drive Moldova’s economic output, GIZ is providing the country with a range of support services, including help to improve the investment climate for local and international investors. It advises the government on reforms and assists it with dismantling administrative and technical barriers to investment by means of service improvements.
For example, free trade zones have been created and efforts are being made to be able to connect potential company locations quickly and easily to the water, electricity and road networks.
A further project promotes the introduction of a needs-based dual vocational training program, so that companies will have sufficient qualified employees in future.
Another priority area of work is the improvement of performance in the area of governance. GIZ is collaborating in this context with Moldovan partners such as municipal and district authorities in order to connect residents in rural regions to water supply and sanitation services, introduce a waste disposal system and carry out energy efficient renovation work on public buildings. German development cooperation activities in Moldova are co-financed by donors such as the EU, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and the Romanian Government.