- SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE
- SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
- SECURITY, RECONSTRUCTION AND PEACE
- ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE
- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT
GIZ has been active in Nepal since 1975 on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and opened its own office in the capital, Kathmandu, in 1979. At present 25 seconded staff and about 250 national staff, 9 CIM experts and 24 development workers, 6 of them working under the auspices of the Civil Peace Service (CPS), are working for us in Nepal.
Nepal is well on the way to becoming a democracy. When ten years of civil war came to an end, elections to the Constituent Assembly were held in 2008. Following the abdication of the king, Nepal was declared a democratic republic. After the Constituent Assembly was dissolved in mid-2012 without reaching agreement, new elections to the assembly took place in November 2013. A transitional administration is leading the country until a new government is formed.
As a result of the conflict, Nepal’s economic growth lags far behind the booming economies of its neighbours. One third of the population lives below the poverty line. The Nepalese have the lowest life expectancy in Asia and almost half of all Nepalese children are chronically undernourished. Since the early 1990s, child and maternal mortality have both been reduced by half, yet even today, only about one fifth of births are assisted by a doctor or midwife.
Nevertheless, it is expected that the country, with the help of the international community and the efforts of its own government, will be able to achieve almost all the Millennium Development Goals. School enrolment rates, for instance, are very encouraging. Today, nine children out of ten are able to go to school.
The restoration of democracy has raised great hopes that the population’s social and economic situation will improve. The progress made and the elections, which have generally been seen to be free and fair, should not, however, blind us to the fact that the country is still facing its greatest challenges.
The goals of our work there are to reduce poverty, to ensure inclusive development and to improve the country’s economic and political framework.
The priority areas of Nepalese-German cooperation are:
- sustainable economic development and trade
- renewable energies and energy efficiency