Germany resumed its bilateral cooperation with Chile after the country’s return to democracy in 1990. At present, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has around 55 staff working in Chile, including seconded and national personnel and integrated experts.
Due to its sustained economic growth and political stability, Chile is regarded as a role model among the Latin American countries and, in 2010, became the first South American country to join the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). However, it still faces numerous structural problems in the economic, social and environmental spheres.
GIZ focuses on the following priority areas in Chile:
- Renewable energies
- Sustainable economic development
- Environment and climate
- Triangular cooperation and innovative modalities
- Vocational training
Renewable energies: Chile’s strong economic growth has led to a substantial rise in electricity consumption, which has almost quadrupled over the past two decades. An increase in the number of conventional thermal power plants and a surge in fossil fuel consumption have driven up Chile’s greenhouse gas emissions, which conflicts with its climate commitments and ambitious mitigation targets. GIZ is therefore implementing various renewable energy and energy efficiency programmes to support the Chilean Government’s efforts in these fields.
Sustainable economic development: Since 1980, the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC, Spanish: CEPAL) and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) have been working together to promote sustainable economic development and social cohesion in the region. In 2003, this cooperation was intensified, with GIZ commissioned to deliver various multiannual programmes on behalf of the BMZ. In 2017, a new programme was launched to support implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Mining is one of Chile’s key economic sectors, accounting for more than 50 per cent of the country’s exports. GIZ contributes to equitable and sustainable economic development and resource governance in the extractive industries and promotes international dialogue on mining issues.
Environment and climate: GIZ is involved in various global initiatives which address environmental issues in Chile, such as sustainable urban planning and disaster risk management. Support is also being provided so that Chile can contribute to international dialogues, primarily on environmental and climate policy. Integrated experts are therefore deployed in Chilean ministries to work on topics such as climate change adaptation and water resources management.
Triangular cooperation and innovative modalities: GIZ also promotes Chile’s cooperation with other Latin American countries on issues such as youth employment, housing and food security and works with Chile to deliver projects in third (beneficiary) countries.
Vocational training: There is a need to improve vocational training in Chile. In order to address the growing skills shortage, integrated experts are providing Chilean institutions with advice and support on a dual training system.