- SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE
- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT
- ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE
- GOVERNANCE AND DEMOCRACY
- SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
Germany resumed its bilateral cooperation with Chile after the country’s return to democracy in 1990. Currently 47 national and ten international employees and six integrated specialists are working in the country (as of 31.12.2018).
Germany resumed its bilateral cooperation with Chile after the country’s return to democracy in 1990. At present, GIZ has over 50 staff working in the country, including seconded and national personnel and inte-grated experts.
Due to its sustained economic growth and political stability, Chile is regarded as a role model among the Latin American countries, and in 2010, it became the first South American country to join the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). However, the country still faces structural issues with regard to its economy, society and the environment. These challenges include high levels of greenhouse gas emissions from conventional power stations, insufficient energy efficiency and a shortage of skilled workers.
GIZ works on the following priority areas in Chile:
- Renewable energies: with economic growth, Chile’s power consumption has also risen sharply, al-most quadrupling since the late 1990s. The expansion of conventional power stations and increas-ing consumption of fossil fuels have produced significantly higher greenhouse gas emissions. By contrast, the country has made climate commitments and set itself some ambitious targets to re-duce greenhouse gases. GIZ is therefore supporting the Chilean Government on behalf of the Ger-man Government with various renewable energy and energy efficiency programmes.
- Sustainable economic development and vocational training: since 1980, the United Nations Eco-nomic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) have been working together to promote envi-ronmentally sustainable economic development and social cohesion in the region. In 2003, the part-ners stepped up their efforts further in the form of multi-year cooperation programmes. In 2017, a new programme was launched to help implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in Latin America and the Caribbean. The programme helps countries in the region to incorporate the 2030 Agenda goals into their national strategies and development plans. It also organises high-profile political dialogue events between Latin America and the Caribbean on the one hand and Germany and the European Union on the other. Vocational training in Chile needs to be improved. In order to counteract the growing shortage of skilled workers, integrated experts are advising and helping Chilean institutions with dual training.
- One of Chile’s most important economic sectors is mining, which accounts for more than 50 per cent of its exports. GIZ is promoting economic, social and environmentally sustainable develop-ment and advising ministers in the region on sustainability-related issues. This also includes interna-tional discussions relevant to mining.
- Environment and climate: GIZ is involved in various areas in Chile, including sustainable urban de-velopment and disaster risk management, and it is also encouraging Chile’s involvement in interna-tional dialogues, in particular on environmental and climate policy. What is more, an integrated ex-pert has been working on adaptation to climate change at the Chilean Ministry for the Environment.
- Triangular cooperation: GIZ is also supporting Chile’s cooperation with other Latin American coun-tries, such as Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Honduras and Paraguay. As an emerging economy, Chile is playing an active role on issues such as youth unemployment, housing and food security; together with Germany – traditionally a donor country – it is supporting a ‘third’ developing country as part of various projects, allowing it to share its experience and expertise with other countries in the region.