German Climate Technology Initiative: Energy efficient propulsion systems
Title: German-Brazilian Project promoting electromobility – PROMOB-e (DKTI)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Brazilian Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade and Services
Overall term: 2017 to 2020
In its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution, presented prior to the Paris climate conference (COP21) in December 2015, Brazil announced it would reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 43% by 2030, in comparison to 2005. In addition to the increased use of renewable energy, Brazil is striving for an energy efficiency improvement of 10 percent. The transport sector is responsible for more than half the consumption of fossil fuels and Brazilian energy-related GHG emissions. According to a forecast by the Brazilian Energy Planning Authority (EPE), the passenger car fleet is expected to triple by 2050, with approximately 11.8 million (about 9 per cent) likely to be purely electric vehicles. However, market and vehicle approvals for electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles are hardly growing, since the conditions for the broad use of energy-efficient propulsion systems are not yet in place.
The conditions for a broadly effective use of energy efficient propulsion systems have been created.
Mainly based on federal level, the PROMOB-e, as it is known in Brazil, is a project that also plans to identify and boost demonstration projects in cities and states to be selected in Brazil. The DKTI project will act in the meso and micro levels, working directly in three areas:
Development of a strategy to promote energy efficient propulsion systems;
Standardization and regulation of electric mobility vehicles in Brazil, and
Business models for energy-efficient propulsion systems and demonstration projects.
In the meso level, the main coordinator partner is MDIC, the Brazilian Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade and Services, which is essential to ensure the country’s public policies to promote international competitiveness.
The focus of the project is on plug-in hybrids and purely electric vehicles, which is the technology approach, and the project demonstration initiatives are aimed at public transport, as well as private and public fleets. Experiences from demonstration projects are part of the design of promotion and incentive mechanisms.
ANEEL – Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency is also a strategic partner in this project to improve standards and better establish regulation in Brazil. Further cooperation is foreseen with the private sector, with vehicle manufacturers, suppliers, energy suppliers or fleet operators, for instance.
As this is a new project, the first results are expected to be presented by the end of 2017.