Migration and integration management
Project title: Strengthening selected municipalities in the management of migration
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministère chargé des Marocains Résidant à l’Étranger et des Affaires de la Migration (MCMREAM)
Overall term: 2016 to 2019
Over the past 20 years, Morocco has developed from being solely a country of origin to increasingly becoming a transit and host country for immigrants and refugees. In September 2013, in response to a critical report by Morocco's National Human Rights Council on the human rights situation of migrants in the country, King Mohammed VI announced that a new migration and asylum policy would be drafted. In 2014, a national strategy on immigration and asylum was presented, followed in 2015 by a national strategy for Moroccan expatriates. The two documents form the framework for Morocco's new migration policy. In the wake of the associated regularisation campaign for people without valid residence permits, around 27,000 migrants were awarded regular residency status. The majority of these migrants and refugees came from West African countries with which the Moroccan Government had already signed bilateral migration agreements.
Now the new policy needs to be implemented. In practice, the general political, administrative and legal conditions provided for by the new migration policy are not yet sufficiently well developed. There is little communication between staff in the authorities and institutions at local authority, provincial and national government level, and responsibilities are not clearly defined. There are not enough counselling and reception centres, making economic, social and cultural integration and re-integration more difficult for refugees, migrants and Moroccans returning to the country.
Migration and integration are taken into account as a cross-cutting topic in politics and practice in ten Moroccan partner municipalities, at national level and across the region of North and West Africa. Coordination and communication have improved between the national, local and regional level in order to implement specific integration policies and services. Migrants, refugees and Moroccans returning to the country have access to integration services in the social, economic and cultural field.
Migration and integration affect various different policy areas, such as education, employment and health. The project supports coordination between the relevant ministries at national level in order to ensure coherent implementation of the national strategy. In addition, exchange and communication formats are created between ministries at national level and local officials in the ten partner municipalities Béni Mellal, Casablanca, Fès, Marrakesh, Nador, Oujda, Rabat, Salé, Tanger and Tiznit to implement the strategy jointly and to draw up policy recommendations.
In addition, the project promotes institutions and municipalities in realising concrete integration measures in the cultural, social and economic field. The local branches of the Ministry of Moroccan Expatriates and Migration Affairs are to become central contact points, for example. Their tasks include preparing and providing information on legal, administrative and social matters for people arriving in Morocco and informing them about integration services offered by other government and non-governmental institutions and organisations.
Morocco and other West African countries facing similar challenges can reap benefits from communicating with one another and sharing experience and information. Thus the partnership between Morocco and Côte d'Ivoire focuses on managing their citizens living abroad and on how the individual countries can link migration and development. The project team advises the countries and organises various formats for sharing experience, such as dialogue forums and conferences. This helps the countries forge closer links and step up cooperation. Direct exchange enables the countries to learn from each other’s successes and positive examples.
The project is part of an infrastructure programme by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) on tackling the root causes of displacement, integrating refugees, stabilising host regions and promoting employment in the Middle East and Africa. BMZ helps create economic and social prospects for the people in the region through the projects implemented under the infrastructure programme. In the context of the programme, more than 200 million euros of additional funding has been made available for projects implemented by GIZ and other implementing organisations between 2014 and 2019.