Migration Management and Integration
Project title: Strengthening selected Moroccan municipalities in the management of migration (RECOSA)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the European Union (EU)
Country: Morocco with activities in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Senegal
Lead executing agency: Delegate Ministry to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Cooperation and Moroccans Residing Abroad, in Charge of Moroccans Residing Abroad (MDCMRE)
Overall term: 2016 to 2022
Over the last 20 years, Morocco has evolved from being purely a country of emigration to become both a transit country and a destination for migrants. Furthermore, an increasing number of Moroccans residing abroad are returning to settle in their country of origin. Such a trend poses social, economic, institutional and legal challenges for the country. In response to this situation, the Moroccan Government set up a new National Strategy for Immigration and Asylum (SNIA) and a National Strategy for the benefit of Moroccans Residing Abroad (SNMRE). These strategies provide for the introduction of a coherent and human rights-based migration policy.
As migration and integration are cross-sectoral topics, strong cooperation is needed between the different ministries as well as between the government, regions and municipalities, in order to ensure the implementation of the national migration policy at territorial level.
Morocco has also signed three memoranda of understanding, with Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Senegal, to develop cooperation with its partner countries on migration issues. These memoranda now need to be operationalised.
In close partnership with the Delegate Ministry in Charge of Moroccans Residing Abroad, the project contributes towards the mainstreaming of migration and integration as cross-cutting issues, both at national level and in ten Moroccan partner municipalities (Beni Mellal, Casablanca, Fez, Marrakesch, Nador, Oujda, Rabat, Salé, Tangier and Tiznit). It thus promotes access to offers of social, economic and cultural integration for migrants, refugees and Moroccan returnees. Furthermore, the project aims to strengthen cooperation between Morocco, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Senegal on the issue of migration.
In order to facilitate the implementation of the national migration policy, the project improves coordination between the different institutions. It strengthens the capacities of the key players, establishes a network between them and supports the consultation mechanisms.
At local level, the project promotes social, cultural and economic integration through pilot projects. It works together here with municipalities and civil society actors, notably non-governmental organisations (NGOs). The lessons learned are formalised in handbooks and other tools to allow scaling-up.
In addition, the project promotes the sharing of experience between Morocco, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Senegal in the field of migration. This South-South Cooperation Action, cofinanced by the German Government and the European Union, aims to strengthen the contribution of migration to the development of countries, to improve the protection of migrants’ rights, and to promote regular migration. The measure is implemented jointly by GIZ and Expertise France.
130 key actors from a range of different ministries and local authorities have learned how to better plan and implement integration measures. Thanks to a cooperation agreement with the National School of Administration (ENSA), these training modules were anchored in the national curriculum for Moroccan civil service executives.
Migration has been integrated as a cross-cutting issue in various municipalities, such as in Oujda. Here, the topic of migration has been included in the Municipal Action Plan (PAC), which was developed with various sectoral departments and civil society.
Raising awareness among the local population is another prerequisite for successful integration. For instance, together with a local NGO, the project has informed 4,000 young people across the country about the issues of diversity and mobility.
A joint action plan for the South-South Cooperation Action has been adopted by Morocco, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Senegal. The approaches developed in Morocco, as well as those in the partner countries, are fed into this South-South exchange of experiences in the field of migration.