Supporting communities and regions in managing the challenges of migration
Title: Management of Migration Challenges in Niger
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Cofinancier: EU Trust Fund for Africa
Lead executing agency: Ministère du Plan
Overall term: 2016 to 2019
Thanks to its geographical position, the Niger is a preferred country of transit for migrants on their way to North Africa and Europe. The city of Agadez in particular has become a hub, with more than 330,000 migrants bound for Algeria and Libya travelling through the region of Agadez in 2016 according to the International Organisation for Migration (IOM). The majority come from Côte d’Ivoire, the Gambia, Guinea, Mali, Nigeria and Senegal.
At the same time, the Zinder region in the south of Niger traditionally is a region of origin for regional labour migration, bound for Côte d’Ivoire and Nigeria in particular. An increasing number of people of Niger see themselves forced to migrate to Algeria because of the lack of employment and labour market opportunities and high population growth. Women and children in particular work as domestic help, beggars or prostitutes, returning to their regions of origin after weeks and months.
The migration movements are having a negative impact on the communities of Niger along the migration routes. On the one hand, the poor supply situation for the population with basic services such as education, health, water, food and energy is exacerbated by the people travelling through the country. On the other hand, changes in the social structure and effects of the often illegal migration economy are weakening the social cohesion of the communities
Selected communities and regions are in a position to analyse the effects of migration and respond accordingly with development and infrastructure measures.
The project operates at community, regional and national level, concentrating on improvement of local governance in the context of migration. The project is co-financed by the European Union’s Trust Fund for Africa.
In a first step, the project trains communities and regions to analyse the effects of the various migration phenomena on local developments. On this basis, communities and regions formulate and prioritise needs-based development and infrastructure measures, such as the expansion of schools and health centres. Subsequently, the project supports the communities and regions in implementing the measures.
At national and regional level, the project promotes interinstitutional dialogue about migration, the challenges facing communities and regions and their needs as well as the implications of migration for the country’s development. Experience with managing the challenges of migration in communities and regions is incorporated in this process.