Capacity development in ministries and administrative systems
Title: Support to the development of Afghan ministries and administrative systems
Commissioned by: German Federal Foreign Office
Overall term: 2010 to 2020
Several decades of war and unrest have largely destroyed Afghanistan’s infrastructure and also led to the loss of knowledge and education. Many well qualified managers, professionals and academics have emigrated. The country suffers from opaque state administrative structures and a dearth of employment and income opportunities for the population. Staff in government ministries and economic institutions lack the capabilities required to remedy this situation on their own.
Highly qualified specialists and managers work as integrated and returning experts for employers in Afghanistan. The administrative and management capacities of Afghan ministries and selected institutions are strengthened.
Integrated experts are highly qualified professionals and managers placed upon request with public-sector employers by the Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM). CIM is run jointly by GIZ and the German Federal Employment Agency’s International Placement Services (ZAV). CIM experts in Afghanistan work in influential positions, using their wide-ranging expertise to strengthen the country’s administrative structures. They are employed directly on the basis of a local contract and enjoy the confidence of the Afghan partners.
The project’s Return of Talents component is working to counteract the brain drain. GIZ supports Afghan specialists who have completed their degree in Germany or elsewhere in Europe, placing them as returning experts in important development positions in Afghan government ministries, authorities and universities.
Integrated and returning experts assist ministries, key institutions and administrative bodies to develop their management and administrative skills and capacities. They work in key positions in the areas of good governance, security, domestic and foreign policy, business, transport, education, higher education, and culture and media. By sharing their expertise, they ensure the sustainable transfer of knowledge and play an instrumental role in the economic and social development of Afghanistan. The placement of experts also promotes dialogue between Afghanistan, Germany and international partners.
With assistance from an integrated expert, an institute of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs brought the training programme for future diplomats into line with international standards. This expert also helped to make the criteria for the assignment of diplomatic posts more transparent and place the focus on applicant qualifications. Additionally, the expert got the Master’s in International Relations and Political Science up and running, laying a core foundation for the diplomat degree.
An integrated expert has been working in an advisory role on the Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee (MEC) since 2014. He drove investigations into a Kabul bank scandal and has since helped to make the MEC the first port of call for the media with regard to this issue.
The Afghan Ministry of Finance is coordinating funds received under financial assistance. A returning expert is working in the ministry to ensure that the funding is deployed efficiently and that parallel structures do not develop. This also serves to increase transparency in the distribution of development assistance funds.