Sustainable fisheries and aquaculture
Title: Global programme Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Countries: Madagascar, Malawi, Uganda, Mauritania
Lead executing agency: Varies depending on the country
Overall term: 2016 to 2022
Fish is a particularly important resource for people living in developing countries. First, fish is an important food for combating undernourishment and malnutrition as it contains unique nutrients. Second, artisanal fishery provides employment and a livelihood for millions of families.
However, overfishing and unsustainable management practices have meant that nearly 90 per cent of fish stocks used worldwide are considered to be overfished or exploited up to sustainability limits.
One problem especially prevalent in developing countries is that a high proportion of the fish caught are lost for human consumption. The reasons for this are a lack of refrigeration and transport facilities and inappropriate processing. Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) is also restricting local fish supplies. Furthermore, fishermen and aquaculture farmers frequently do not have access to technical resources, loans and advice that give them the means to establish sustainable management practices. Local authorities often do not have the necessary administrative capacities to implement registration and control systems.
A population facing food insecurity has access to more fish products and a higher income derived from sustainable artisanal fisheries and aquaculture that conserve resources.
The project supports fisherfolk and aquaculture farmers to operate sustainably and efficiently, thus conserving resources.
Activities to promote sustainable aquaculture are being established in Madagascar and Malawi. The key programme objective in Uganda and Mauritania is to support artisanal resource-efficient fisheries.
The aim of all country packages is to create jobs, improve incomes and contribute to the sustainable use of fish resources. We help to develop and disseminate knowledge and skills locally through training courses and targeted advice. Public information campaigns also provide information about the health benefits of fish products and fish consumption.
For fisheries, the focus is also on curbing illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. We work together with national governments in the partner countries, fishing authorities and local authority services to improve the underlying conditions for a sustainable artisanal fishing sector in coastal locations. Promotion and establishment of user rights for small-scale fisherfolk, sustainable fisheries management and efficient fish processing reduce losses and allow fish stocks to be managed sustainably.
Women are frequently disadvantaged in fishing and aquaculture. In some cases, they can only work in illegal fisheries and their access to technical advice and further training is more limited than that of men. This is why the project is paying particular attention to their needs and has the objective of strengthening women's roles along the entire value chain. One way it does this is by offering special training courses.
The consulting companies COFAD/GOPA and the French non-governmental organisation APDRA are assisting with implementation in Madagascar.