Improving the quality and labour-market relevance of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET)

Project description

Title: Strengthening employment-relevant TVET II in Botswana (SER TVET II)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Cofinanced by: European Union
Country: Botswana
Partner: Ministry of Finance and Economic Development (MFED) 
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Finance and Economic Development (MFED) 
Overall term: 2018 to March 2023


Since gaining independence in 1966, Botswana has transformed from one of the world’s poorest nations to an upper middle-income country due to its mineral resources. Despite this development, the country still faces major challenges, particularly the lack of skilled human resources in many areas. Botswana endeavours to progress from a resource-based to a knowledge-based economy in the next decades and wants to develop an internationally competitive economy, supported by a highly skilled workforce. As such, technical and vocational education and training (TVET) will need to focus more on labour-market realities in terms of both quality and relevance. This means investing in developing demand- and future-oriented TVET programmes. The currently fragmented TVET system suffers from a lack of coordination and organisational capabilities.


TVET ministries and authorities have improved at steering, implementing and monitoring demand-led TVET in coordination with the private sector.


The core elements of the project are:

  • providing advisory services to stakeholders and institutions involved in TVET
  • improving skills of staff at the ministry and TVET institutions, as well as actors in the private sector
  • facilitating better coordination between public and private stakeholders at all levels to achieve the necessary reforms in the TVET sector
  • developing a national TVET policy and a monitoring and evaluation framework to assess the progress and results of the implementation
  • training TVET trainers and lecturers and developing demand-oriented, competence-based curricula and assessments
  • enhancing governance, accountability and coordination in the TVET sector. Reducing unemployment, especially among youth, specifically by providing TVET graduates with skills relevant to labour market demands. 

Last update: May 2022