Improving the quality and job-market relevance of technical and vocational education and training (TVET)

Project description

Title: Strengthening employment-relevant TVET II in Botswana
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Botswana
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Finance and Economic Development (MFED) 
Overall term: 2018 to 2022


Since gaining independence in 1966, Botswana has transformed from one of the world’s poorest nations to become an upper middle-income country thanks to its mineral resources. Despite this development, the country still faces major challenges, particularly the lack of skilled human resources in many areas. Botswana would like to progress from a resource-based to a knowledge-based economy in the next decades. This means developing an internationally competitive economy supported by a highly skilled workforce. If this is to succeed, vocational education and training will need to focus more on labour-market realities in terms of both quality and relevance. This requires investments in the development of demand- and future-oriented TVET programmes. At present, however, the TVET system is fragmented and suffers from both a lack of coordination and a lack of organisational capacities.


The capacities of the ministries and authorities responsible for TVET in terms of steering, implementing and monitoring demand-led TVET in coordination with the private sector have been improved. Selected TVET institutions offer demand-oriented training programmes in cooperation with private sector organisations in occupational fields.


The core elements of the project are advisory services and capacity building for key stakeholders in technical and vocational education and training. Capacity development targets the staff of the ministries and of TVET institutions, as well as actors in the private sector. The interventions benefit the TVET system, graduates and the labour market.

The project supports three ministries: the Ministry of Tertiary Education, Research, Science and Technology (MOTE), the Ministry of Employment, Labour Productivity and Skills Development (MELSD), and the Ministry of Basic Education (MOBE). They are responsible for the TVET sector and for implementing the Education and Training Strategic Sector Plan (ETSSP). The support provided aims to achieve the necessary policy and implementation reforms in the TVET sector and facilitates better coordination between public and private stakeholders at all levels.

At policy level, the project supports the development of a national TVET policy and a monitoring and evaluation framework to record the progress and results of implementation. A consulting company has been commissioned with supporting the development of demand-oriented, competence-based curricula, as well as assessments and training for TVET trainers.

Since its launch in January 2020, a multi-donor campaign co-financed by the European Union has been providing further technical assistance to the Government of Botswana as part of the EU budget support programme under the 11th European Development Fund. Its overall objective is to reduce unemployment, especially youth unemployment. In particular, the programme aims to increase the number of TVET graduates with skills relevant to the needs of the labour markets. Synergies arise from capacity development and advisory services, which enhance governance, accountability and coordination in the TVET sector. The measures applied include monitoring, evaluation and reporting as well as curriculum development and delivery in selected sectors. Factors such as a facilitation of public-private dialogue and better cooperation with the private sector, particularly regarding opportunities for providing gender-sensitive, work-based learning opportunities, are embedded in the programme design.  


A new TVET policy designed to achieve the project aims has been developed with GIZ support and is in the legislation process. 

More than 330 TVET trainers and management staff have received capacity-building training in developing and teaching labour-market relevant, competence-based training programmes. In addition, 42 training providers now have the capacities that allow them to cooperate better with local companies, to improve internships for TVET students and to link TVET trainers to actual workplaces. 

Last update: March 2021