The latest data from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) indicate that around 70.8 million people were living in displacement at the end of 2018. In addition to the growing number of displaced persons, the number of complex, persistent crises is also increasing. This trend is likely to continue as a result of climate change and a large number of violent conflicts. The UN General Assembly adopted a series of resolutions to respond to these challenges in the context of the New York Declaration of 2016. These were elaborated in more detail until 2018 in the Global Compact on Refugees. A key element is the application of a Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF). Under the Global Compact and the CRRF, the member states committed to fully protect the human rights of refugees and migrants. They also pledged support to those countries most affected by major flows of refugees or migrants. The CRRF aims to ease the pressure on host communities and strengthen the responsibility for self-reliance of displaced persons. In order to achieve this goal, humanitarian aid, development cooperation and peace-building are to be coordinated more closely. The UNHCR has been mandated by the UN General Assembly to implement the CRRF in coordination with relevant stakeholders in order to find long-term solutions to current crises. The project supports UNHCR in this respect in the context of the 'Fighting the causes of flight, reintegrating refugees' special initiative.
UNHCR is strengthened in its role as CRRF coordinator for humanitarian aid, development and peace in selected refugee contexts.
The project implements joint approaches of UNHCR and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH in selected partner countries. In Mexico, the focus is on the protection of refugees and migrants, in Niger on better accommodation for refugees and host families. In Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia, the activities focus in particular on renewable energies. The local activities are primarily oriented towards structure building and development. They are intended to improve the collaboration between humanitarian aid and development cooperation.
The project develops a comprehensive monitoring system to document the results of the implemented measures. This makes it possible to analyse the lessons learned in a structured manner. As a result, the project provides insights into the hands-on activities to help refugees. As additional support, the project provides experts and consulting services to UNHCR's new Division of Resilience and Solutions (DRS) and the national CRRF offices.
- The financial support makes it possible to create eight staff positions in the new DRS to coordinate the CRRF.
- Preparatory measures for the actual implementation were taken in six partner countries. GIZ and UNHCR have thus planned joint approaches. Initial needs analyses in the energy sector of the partner countries of Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda were conducted for this purpose. This means that displaced persons can be supplied with environmentally friendly energy in these countries.
- Malian refugees in Niger are able to purchase land of their own as well as housing through swift financial aid. This enables them to live outside the traditional camp infrastructure.