Indo-German Programme for Vocational Education and Training
Title: Indo-German Programme for Vocational Education and Training
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
Overall term: 2015 to 2019
India’s ambition to become one of the globally leading manufacturing hubs requires a qualified workforce. However, the Indian vocational education and training (VET) system does not provide the necessary amount of positions at the required quality. This is essential to give the skills to young people so they can meet the demands of an advancing industry and enable them to become the skilled workforce of tomorrow.
During the next 15 years more than 250 million young people will join the Indian labour market. As sustainable economic development and job creation for skilled labour is at the top of the political agenda in India, the government has recently launched the initiatives ‘Make in India’ and ‘Skill India’ to support the training of up to 400 million people by the year 2022.
In order to create the necessary VET system, India’s government promotes the active involvement of enterprises for achieving cooperative, workplace-based training. The German VET model is largely driven by the private sector and the Indian Government has expressed interest to incorporate elements of the German system for vocational training.
Actors of the public and private sectors work together and have achieved conditions that will help to create and improve a cooperative and workplace-based vocational education and training (VET) system in India.
The following steps will support the successful implementation of a new VET system in India:
Advising and guiding local cooperations between public entities and private sector organisations, such as chambers and associations, in order to jointly implement cooperative, workplace-based trainings in three industrial clusters: the automobile component cluster in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, the electronics cluster in Bangalore, Karnataka, and the construction cluster in Bhiwadi, Rajasthan. The Indian Government is aiming to involve at least 100 companies across the selected clusters during the programme term.
Establishing a basic framework for the implementation of cooperative VET by providing advice to the government and public and private stakeholders at national and local level. Stakeholders are the National Skill Development Corporation, the National Skill Development Agency, Sector Skill Councils, State Skill Development Missions, as well as regional and local Business Membership Organisations.
Enhancing dialogue mechanisms between the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) and other government entities with the private sector to allow for a common understanding and joint coordination.
Documentation of the implementation processes of cooperative VET in order to promote replication in other regions and industrial sectors.
Applying a gender-sensitive approach to systematically consider the needs of both, women and men, in the VET system.