- MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT AND DECENTRALISATION
- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT
- DIALOGUE PROCESSES IN SOCIETY
- PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
- POLITICAL PARTICIPATION OF YOUNG PEOPLE
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has been working in Libya since 2005. GIZ has been carrying out projects on behalf of the German Government since 2011, apart from in 2014 due to the civil war. In view of the fragile security situation in the country, GIZ’s Libya Programme is managing these projects from Tunisia for the time being. GIZ runs an office in Tripoli for the work on the ground. Currently 30 national staff and 19 international staff are working in Libya (as at 31 December 2018).
In Libya, the Arab Spring and the overthrow of the country’s ruler Muammar al-Gaddafi in 2014 were followed by civil war. Despite peace talks involving international mediators, the country remains divided. The Government of National Accord (GNA) has been unable to meet the expectations that were placed upon it in respect of building state structures and with regard to peace and democratisation. It also faces other challenges, including the existence of a rival government in the east of the country. Libya is a major transit country for refugees and migrants on their way to Europe.
Central government structures are not functioning efficiently. The economy, which has been managed centrally to date, relies almost entirely on the oil sector. Unemployment is high, especially among young people. Some 300,000 Libyans are internally displaced and the country is currently host to more than half a million refugees. These challenges, together with the precarious security situation, result in a poor supply situation for the people in the country. This puts great pressure on policy-makers and increases the risk of conflict.
GIZ is working in Libya on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the European Union (EU).
In cooperation with the internationally recognised GNA, GIZ supports Libya in the following areas:
- Municipal development and decentralisation
- Economic development and employment
- Dialogue processes in society
- Primary health care
- Political participation of young people
GIZ advises various bodies, including the Ministry of Local Governance, on state decentralisation, and supports selected partner municipalities. Focal points include effective local government systems for improved basic public services, employment growth and better inclusion of civil society groups. State employees receive training in areas such as urban planning, project management and financial management. Training centres train teachers for vocational education centres and women’s counselling centres. In addition, GIZ and its partners are promoting the development of value chains for agricultural products such as olives and dates. Targeted training is helping to improve the production quality and marketing of agricultural products. Environmental laboratories are also being set up to test the quality of drinking water and food.
GIZ is supporting Libya in developing a consensual vision for its economic future through participatory and inclusive dialogue and discussion processes. These include fact-finding trips, public discussion events and joint workshops with representatives of the state administration, municipalities, universities and non-governmental organisations, all with the overall aim of strengthening cohesion in society.
GIZ is also promoting the provision and expansion of primary health care in Libya. The main target group is women and children and other vulnerable displaced persons. Actors at all levels of the health system, health care staff and patients are involved and are working together to develop and implement measures to improve access for vulnerable groups.
A further goal is to improve the political participation of young people, for example by promoting youth multipliers and integrating young people’s interests in local administrations. There are also plans to establish safe spaces for the political and social participation of young people. This would enable young people, especially young women, to become involved without fear of reprisals.