- EMPLOYMENT PROMOTION
- MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has been working in Libya since 2005. GIZ has been carrying out projects on behalf of the German Government since 2011, with a break in 2014 due to the civil war. In view of the fragile security situation in the country, the ‘Libya hub’ is managing these projects from Tunisia for the time being. GIZ runs an office in Tripoli for the work on the ground. Currently 25 national employees are working in the country (as of 31.12.2018).
The Arab Spring and the overthrow of ruler Muammar Gaddafi were followed by a civil war in Libya. Despite international peace negotiations, the country remains divided. The Government of National Accord (GNA) has been unable to meet the expectations that were placed upon it in respect of building state structures and with regard to peace and democratisation. It also faces other challenges, including being pitched against a rival government in the east of the country. Libya is a major transit country for refugees and migrants on their way to Europe.
The centralised government structures are not very efficient. The economy, which has been run centrally to date, is almost exclusively dependent on the oil sector. Many people are unemployed, especially young people. There is a lack of prospects for people in Libya – among them 350,000 internally displaced persons and around one million refugees. These challenges, together with the precarious security situation, lead to a poor supply situation for the people in the country. This puts great pressure on policy-makers and increases the risk of conflict.
GIZ provides support for Libya in three areas in cooperation with the internationally recognised GNA:
- Municipal development and decentralisation
- Promotion of economic development and employment
- Facilitation of dialogue and strategy development
The main commissioning party is the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), and one project is co-financed by the European Union.
GIZ advises various bodies, including the Ministry of Local Governance, on state decentralisation and supports selected partner municipalities. Focal points include effective local government systems for improved basic public services, employment growth and better inclusion of civil society groups. Public servants receive training on subjects such as urban planning, project management and financial management. Training centres train teachers for vocational education centres and counselling centres for women. GIZ and its partners also promote the local processing and trade of agricultural products like olives and dates. Environmental laboratories are also being set up to test the quality of drinking water and food.
In the interests of positive social and economic development, GIZ is supporting Libya in developing a consensual vision for its economic future through participatory and inclusive dialogue and discussion processes. The methods adopted to this end include fact-finding trips, public discussion events and joint workshops with representatives of the state administration, municipalities, universities and non-governmental organisations, all with a view to strengthening cohesion in society.