Integrated agriculture and livestock farming in Gao and Ménaka, Mali (PAI-GM)
Title: Integrated agriculture and animal husbandry in Gao and Ménaka, Mali
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Ministère de l’Agriculture
Overall term: 2019 to 2023
The harvest in 2018-2019 in Mali was characterised by alarming deficits in agricultural production. There were several reasons for this: rainfall was not spread evenly across time and space, plagues of caterpillars and locusts, seed-eating birds and flooding as the Niger River burst its banks, which resulted in enormous losses for thousands of households.
In addition, land-use conflicts between settled farmers and nomadic cattle herders are breaking out once again. There are many reasons for this, but there are three main factors: climate change and the expansion of cultivated farmland and settlements, as well as strong population growth, mean that less pasture land is available; in addition, the traditional migration routes of semi-nomadic cattle herders have been impeded.
The precarious supply situation of the population, especially in the northern regions of Mali, deficits in agricultural production and land-use conflicts pose an enormous challenge for the households of both settled farmers and nomadic cattle herders. Increasingly frequent extreme climate events are making the situation worse.
The resilience to socio-economic crises of pastoral and agro-pastoral households in selected areas of the Gao and Ménaka regions is strengthened.
The project builds on existing partner structures and on past and current development projects in northern Mali. Planning and implementing activities together strengthens the capacities and resources of the state and civil society partners.
The project is helping reconstruct basic productive infrastructure. The focus is on measures to stabilise and improve livelihoods in the livestock and agricultural sectors. The project also strengthens the capacities of the state and civil society to provide basic services. Temporary transfer payments also improve food supplies and therefore contribute to food security for the population.
The project has four areas of action:
Improving the production system in livestock farming:
High-quality deep wells improve the livestock production system and make livestock owners more flexible.
Improving the production system in agro-pastoral agriculture:
Seasonally occurring ponds and lakes are used as water sources for agriculture and livestock farming. Women's groups also receive training in improved conservation, processing and marketing of selected agricultural products. The training also includes business planning and basic accounting.
Strengthening local mechanisms to prevent and manage conflicts over resources and to promote social cohesion:
The project identifies local stakeholders and existing mechanisms that strengthen social cohesion and prevent and manage violent conflicts over resources. The relevant mechanisms and the skills of the stakeholders are improved through training, counselling and support.
Developing a local, crisis-sensitive social security network:
This provides target groups with rapid support in acute crises. They can therefore avoid losses that threaten their existence.