Transport, Mobility, Logistics

Programme description

Title: Transport, Mobility, Logistics
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Namibia
Lead executing agency: Ministry of Works and Transport (MWT)
Overall term: 2004 to 2021

Transport survey in northern Namibia; © GIZ

The transport system is of great importance for the Namibian economy. It is the foundation for development in the country, giving the population access to their workplaces, markets, and social and health care facilities.

In order to expand the transport sector further, the country needs qualified specialists in the ministries and subordinated authorities as well as in businesses and the academic and research community.

The Ministry of Works and Transport (MWT) lacks sufficient know-how and specialists in some areas and its organisational structure is not always efficient. This means that it is not fully able to carry out its task of steering the sector or to adapt key strategy documents or laws and regulations.

Local and regional public transport is not sufficiently developed. In the capital city Windhoek and in the northern regions, the public and non-motorised transport system is inadequate.

The Fourth National Development Plan defines Namibia’s transformation into a regional logistics hub for the Southern African Development Community (SADC) as a key priority. However, the legal and organisational requirements for implementation are not yet in place.

The two universities in the country do not yet have the full resources they need to offer teaching and research in civil engineering themselves. In addition, there are not enough graduates to meet the demand for engineers in the public, private and academic sectors.

Public sector stakeholders working in the field of transport, mobility and logistics provide a sufficient number of high-quality services.

New buses for Windhoek; photo: GIZ © GIZ

The project’s central partner organisations are MWT and its subordinated public sector entities, the Ministry of Urban and Rural Development, municipal councils in Windhoek and the northern regions, and the country’s two universities, the University of Namibia and the Namibian University of Science and Technology. The project cooperates with KfW Development Bank, which has been engaged in the Namibian road traffic sector since 1991 and whose activities in the priority area of transport are currently focused on road construction.

The Namibian Transport Policy was produced in 2016 and the project team is now advising MWT on putting it into practice. The partners are setting up implementation and management structures and carrying out individual legislative projects, and the project is supporting institutional measures. To expand sustainable transport, the project is providing advice to MWT, the municipal council of Windhoek and regional and municipal authorities in the northern regions on creating suitable institutional structures and preparing and implementing measures as part of local master plans. Sector-specific and process advice is also being given to the implementation unit established by the government to help it set up a management and implementation structure and develop a marketing strategy.

For stakeholders in the logistics sector, the project is organising training and professional development opportunities. In the field of tertiary education, the project is continuing to support the establishment of the engineering faculty, train teaching staff and hold lectures.

In cooperation with MWT, the project has produced a transport sector plan that builds on the National Development Plan. Many of the parties responsible for the transport sector were involved in the creation of the Namibian Transport Policy. The Policy provides a modern policy framework for the transport sector as a whole, covering all kinds of transport and overarching topics.

A Sustainable Urban Transport Master Plan (SUTMP) has been developed for the city of Windhoek with the involvement of those responsible for transport and members of the general public. The SUTMP has been accepted by the relevant technical committee and is helping to change the attitudes of all those involved in favour of developing a sustainable transport system. The SUTMP won an award for its excellent quality from the International Association of Public Transport (UITP) and received an honourable mention in the Sustainable Transport Awards 2017.

Since early 2016, the city of Windhoek has been running 26 modern local buses on a new bus network within the city, and new lines were added in mid-2016. The costs were shared equally between the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the City of Windhoek. The successful implementation of this initiative has led to an expansion of sustainable transport activities to other regions in Namibia.

Non-motorised mobility has been successfully promoted in campaigns, and the partners are now working on a strategy that focuses on network development and quality standards, as well as a communication strategy and organisational concept.

Other key achievements include the presentation of a proposal for establishing a Road Safety Council and the improvements in output management and organisational restructuring of the Road Fund Administration.
The University of Namibia and the Namibian University of Science and Technology have developed Bachelor’s and Master’s degree courses in civil engineering, which have now been accredited. Since the start of the transport project, the number of students registered on civil engineering courses has risen to over 400 a year. A quarter of the students registered for the Bachelor’s degree are female. The first Master’s degree in civil engineering with a focus on transportation was introduced in 2014.

Namibia. Ingenieursabsolventinnen und -absolventen an der University of Namibia. (UNAM) © GIZ


Heinrich Semar